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Synthesis of a Macromonomer Library from High-Temperature Acrylate Polymerization

Authors

  • Anna-Marie Zorn,

    1. Preparative Macromolecular Chemistry, Institut für Technische Chemie und Polymerchemie, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Engesserstr. 18, 76128 Karlsruhe, Germany
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  • Thomas Junkers,

    Corresponding author
    1. Preparative Macromolecular Chemistry, Institut für Technische Chemie und Polymerchemie, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Engesserstr. 18, 76128 Karlsruhe, Germany
    • Preparative Macromolecular Chemistry, Institut für Technische Chemie und Polymerchemie, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Engesserstr. 18, 76128 Karlsruhe, Germany. Fax:+49 721 608 5740
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  • Christopher Barner-Kowollik

    Corresponding author
    1. Preparative Macromolecular Chemistry, Institut für Technische Chemie und Polymerchemie, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Engesserstr. 18, 76128 Karlsruhe, Germany
    • Preparative Macromolecular Chemistry, Institut für Technische Chemie und Polymerchemie, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Engesserstr. 18, 76128 Karlsruhe, Germany. Fax:+49 721 608 5740
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Abstract

The auto-initiated high temperature acrylate polymerization represents a versatile route for the synthesis of macromonomer building blocks. Various macromonomers were synthesized via this route based on methyl, ethyl, n-butyl, t-butyl, 2-ethylhexyl, isobornyl and 2-[[(butylamino)carbonyl]oxy]ethyl acrylate. The synthesis requires a temperature of 140 °C and is carried out in a 5 wt.-% solution of hexyl acetate. The macromonomer library is fully characterized via electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS). The amount of macromonomers containing the geminal double bond lies in between 82 and 95%, depending on the monomer type. The achievable molecular weight of the macromonomers is located between 800 and 2 000 g·mol−1 with a polydispersity of close to 1.6. In addition, it is demonstrated that radical initiators are useful add-ons (to circumvent the inhibition time observed during initiator-free synthesis) without interfering in the actual polymerization as no initiator-fragment containing products are identified via high resolution mass spectrometry.

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