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Keywords:

  • alkynes;
  • click chemistry;
  • glycopolypeptides;
  • N-carboxyanhydride (NCA);
  • polypeptides

Abstract

Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

Synthetic glycopolypeptides have attracted much interest for application in biomedical field as they are structural mimics to the natural glycopeptides or glycoproteins. However, the synthesis methods toward glycopolypeptides are still few or less efficient. Herein, we present a facile route to preparation of glycopolypeptides with highly effective “glycosylation” by click postpolymerization modification. First, an alkyne-substituted N-carboxyanhydride (NCA) monomer was synthesized and subsequently polymerized to afford the polypeptide with “clickable” alkyne pendants. The alkyne-functionalized polypeptide was then “glycosylated” by click reaction of different sugar azides to the alkyne pendants with high efficiency. All the obtained glycopolypeptides were soluble and preferred α-helix conformation in water. Primary studies on the obtained glycopolypeptides binding with Con A lectin were assessed by turbidimetric assay. The more quantitive studies of the interactions between lectin proteins and the synthetic glycopolypeptides, and the application of these materials as the multivalent ligands are in progress.