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Keywords:

  • cationic polymerization;
  • poly(2-oxazine);
  • poly(2-oxazoline);
  • stimuli-responsive polymer;
  • thermoresponsive polymer

Abstract

The monomers 2-methyl-2-oxazine (MeOZI), 2-ethyl-2-oxazine (EtOZI), and 2-n-propyl-2-oxazine (nPropOZI) were synthesized and polymerized via the living cationic ring-opening polymerization (CROP) under microwave-assisted conditions. pEtOZI and pnPropOZI were found to be thermoresponsive, exhibiting LCST behavior in water and their cloud point temperatures (TCP) are lower than for poly(2-oxazoline)s with similar side chains. However, comparison of poly(2-oxazine) and poly(2-oxazoline)s isomers reveals that poly(2-oxazine)s are more water soluble, indicating that the side chain has a stronger impact on polymer solubility than the main chain. In conclusion, variations of both the side chains and the main chains of the poly(cyclic imino ether)s resulted in a series of distinct homopolymers with tunable TCP.