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Keywords:

  • conjugated polymers;
  • bandgap engineering;
  • metal-containing polymers;
  • photovoltaic;
  • ruthenium

Abstract

A new synthetic route to novel ruthenium-containing polymers is reported. [Ru(L)(L′)Cl2] type complexes (L and L′ = bidentate N^N ligands) with a dibromo-substituted ligand were polymerized by Stille cross-coupling reaction. The subsequent displacement of chloride ligands by thiocyanate was highly effective and the structures of the target polymers were fully characterized. The main chain absorption showed a significantly red-shift upon metal coordination and the metal-to-ligand charge transfer (MLCT) band of the complex enhanced the photon harvesting ability of the polymer. The extent of π-electron delocalization of the ancillary ligands also showed interesting effects on the electronic properties of the polymers. The photosensitizing and bandgap tuning properties of these Ru(II) complexes demonstrated a new avenue to develop new classes of optoelectronic materials.