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Keywords:

  • ion optics;
  • rf focusing;
  • ion guide;
  • multipole ion guide;
  • stacked ring ion guide;
  • ESI

Abstract

The electrodynamic ion funnel has enabled the manipulation and focusing of ions in a pressure regime (0.1–30 Torr) that has challenged traditional approaches, and provided the basis for much greater mass spectrometer ion transmission efficiencies. The initial ion funnel implementations aimed to efficiently capture ions in the expanding gas jet of an electrospray ionization interface and radially focus them for efficient transfer through a conductance limiting orifice. We review the improvements in fundamental understanding of ion motion in ion funnels, the evolution in its implementations that have brought the ion funnel to its current state of refinement, as well as applications of the ion funnel for purposes such as ion trapping, ion cooling, low pressure electrospray, and ion mobility spectrometry. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc., Mass Spec Rev 29:294–312, 2010