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Keywords:

  • amorphous poly(lactic acid);
  • biodegradable blends;
  • polymer layered nanocomposites

Abstract

Biodegradable blends of amorphous poly(lactic acid) (aPLA) and polycaprolactone (PCL) and nanocomposites of these blends were developed by melt blending. A morphological study of the bioblends was carried out by means of WAXS and SEM showing immiscible behavior. The nanocomposites were also characterized morphologically by WAXS, TEM and SEM, revealing high degree of interaction of the nanoclays with the aPLA. Mechanical, thermal and gas barrier properties of the different blends and nanocomposites were studied and the effect of blending and clay addition on the above-mentioned properties was evaluated.