Ag Nanocomposite Particles: Preparation, Characterization and Application

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Abstract

Summary Herein, we report that different core-shell particles could be successfully used as the carrier systems for the deposition of silver nanoparticles. Firstly, thermosensitive core-shell microgel particles have been used as the carrier system for the deposition of Ag nanoparticles, in which the core consists of poly (styrene) (PS) whereas the shell consists of poly (N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPA) network cross-linked by N, N′-methylenebisacrylamide (BIS). Immersed in water the shell of these particles is swollen. Heating the suspension above 32 °C leads to a volume transition within the shell, which is followed by a marked shrinking of the network of the shell. Secondly, “nano-tree” type polymer brush can be used as “nanoreactor” for the generation of silver nanoparticles also. This kind of carrier particles consists of a solid core of PS onto which bottlebrush chains synthesized by the macromonomer poly (ethylene glycol) methacrylate (PEGMA) are affixed by “grafting from” technique. Thirdly, silver nanoparticles can be in-situ immobilized onto polystyrene (PS) core-polyacrylic acid (PAA) polyelectrolyte brush particles by UV irradiation. Monodisperse Ag nanoparticles with diameter of 8.5 nm, 7.5 nm and 3 nm can be deposited into thermosensitive microgels, “nano-tree” type polymer brushes and polyelectrolyte brush particles, respectively. Moreover, obtained silver nano-composites show different catalytic activity for the catalytic reduction of p-nitrophenol depending on the carrier system used for preparation.

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