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Keywords:

  • BHET/titanium compound nanocomposite;
  • catalysis;
  • In-situ formed titanium compound nanocomposits;
  • sol-gel

Abstract

Summary: The tetrabutylorthotitanate (TBOT) was hydrolyzed by H2O produced during the esterification of pure terephthalic acid (PTA) and ethylene glycol (EG), and the bis(2-hydroxyethyl) terephthalate (BHET)/titanium compound nanocomposite was in-situ formed. The effect of TBOT on the esterification and its product property has been investigated. The results show that the butyl alcohol from the hydrolysis of TBOT is almost distilled out with H2O and there has no effect on the chemical structure of BHET caused by the introducing of TBOT. A kind of novel titanium compound is manufactured during the esterification under the existence of TBOT, which shows slice-like morphology from SEM micrographs and special XRD pattern with new diffraction peaks between 2-Θ = 6.9° and 10.2°. It is found that the BHET/titanium compound nanocomposite can act as the catalyst of polymerization of poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET). The PET resins synthesized by in-situ formed catalyst have almost the same physicochemical properties with the commerced resins and have good spinnability.