This paper presents an overview of the recent work on ultrathin polymer blend films containing cellulose. Three systems prepared via trimethylsilyl cellulose derivative, which is subsequently hydrolyzed to cellulose, are presented: polystyrene/cellulose, poly(methyl methacrylate)/cellulose and polystyrene-block-polyethyleneoxide/cellulose. Diverse textures emerge within the films depending on the interactions between the polymers and their interactions with the substrate as well as on different solubilities of the polymers. Furthermore, an ultrathin film containing a cellulose/xylan blend is presented. This film was deposited directly from a common solvent (dimethylacetamide/lithium chloride) and it did not exhibit distinct morphological patterns comparable to the blends with synthetic polymers.