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Keywords:

  • biopolymers;
  • NMR;
  • polysaccharides;
  • structure-property-relations;
  • synthesis

Abstract

Cellulose was benzylated starting from the dissolved polymer in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO)/tetrabutylammonium fluoride trihydrate (TBAF) and heterogeneously in aqueous NaOH as reaction media. Differences in the distribution of benzyl moieties within the anhydroglucose unit in dependence on the synthesis pathway couldn't be found. However, as revealed by means of 1H-NMR spectroscopy, significant differences in the distribution of substituents along the cellulose chains occurred. Conventionally synthesized samples (in aqueous NaOH), even in the presence of a phase transfer catalyst, possess a block-wise distribution of substituents, while a dissolution of cellulose in DMSO/TBAF prior to the reaction gives products that are uniformly substituted along the cellulose chains.