• dielectric properties;
  • nanostructure;
  • polymer electrolyte;
  • poly(sulfobutylbetaine);
  • zwitterionic compound


Polymeric electrolyte composites based on polymer poly(sulfobutylbetaines) (PMBS-4) and 1%, 3% and 5% montmorillonite (MMT) modified with organic ions, dodecyldimethyl(3-sulfo-propyl) ammonium hydroxide (C12SB) were synthesized. The structural modification and electrochemical properties of samples were investigated to understand the effects of organic MMT in a polymer matrix on ionic conductivity. The modification of the clay with organic ions resulted in a larger d-spacing which makes easier the penetration of PMBS-4 into the interlayer galleries. The values of Tg obtained from differential scanning calorimetry are 18 °C, 20 °C, 20 °C and 27 °C for PMBS-4, PMBS-4/C12SB-MMT 1%, PMBS-4/C12SB-MMT 3% and PMBS-4/C12SB-MMT 5% respectively. Since PMBS-4 and PMBS/C12SB-MMT were examined in the absence of Li salt, the conductivity of samples was attributed to the motion of dipoles in chains of zwitterionic PMBS-4. The increase in conductivity with increasing temperature was explained as a local structural relaxation and segmental motion of polymer. The values of σ, at 25 °C, for: PMBS-4, PMBS-4/C12SB-MMT 1%, PMBS-4/C12SB-MMT 3% and PMBS-4/C12SB-MMT 5% were 6.2 × 10−6 S/cm, 1.2 × 10−6 S/cm, 1.7 × 10−6 S/cm and 9.1 × 10−6 S/cm respectively.