Investigation and Modeling of Temperature Dependence Recovery Behavior of Shape-Memory Crosslinked Polyethylene

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Abstract

Shape memory was induced in crosslinked low-density polyethylene by a heating-stretching-cooling cycle. The effect of crosslink content on thermal properties and temperature dependence recovery behavior was studied experimentally. The importance of stretching temperature and crosslink content on recovery behavior could be reasonably explained by the observed changes in the thermal properties which were attributed to the differences in crystalline structures and mechanism of crystal formation during the heating-stretching-cooling process. A mechanical model was developed to describe qualitatively and quantitatively the temperature dependence recovery behavior of the prepared shape memory crosslinked polyethylene at nonisothermal state under various conditions by driving constitutive equations using a set of model constants. These model constants were determined with the help of a set of optimization codes using a genetic algorithm method. By choosing a suitable set of model constants one can describe with high accuracy the temperature dependence recovery behavior of any shape memory polymer.

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