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Keywords:

  • elastomer;
  • modeling;
  • nanotubes;
  • strain energy dissipation;
  • thermoplastic polyurethane

Abstract

Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

Dissipative mechanisms occurring at the interface between multiwall nanotubes (MWCNT) and an elastomeric matrix are investigated and quantitatively predicted through analytical equations derived from a micromechanical model. The effects of MWCNT aspect ratio on dissipative properties of the reinforced system are investigated at high strains (100–300%). Cyclic tensile tests illustrate that the fraction of dissipated strain energy increases with the amount of MWCNT and varies with their aspect ratio. Lower mean diameter MWCNT are able to dissipate a higher amount of strain energy. The model developed on the basis of the shear lag theory correctly predicts the dissipated strain energy at high strains, taking into account the different contributions to the mechanical behavior of nanotubes' different aspect ratios.