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Core and Common Members in the Genesis of Farmer Cooperatives in China


Correspondence to: Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University, Postbus 1738, Room T8-52, 3000 DR Rotterdam, The Netherlands. E-mail:


This paper addresses the genesis of farmer cooperatives in China in terms of the actors. Empirical results from a multiple case study indicate that the genesis of cooperatives in China is due to entrepreneurial farmers and the government, rather than a bottom-up, collective action process of many small farmers. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.