Contributions of Managerial Levels: Comparing MLB and NFL
Article first published online: 13 MAR 2013
Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Managerial and Decision Economics
Volume 34, Issue 6, pages 428–436, September 2013
How to Cite
Brian, G. (2013), Contributions of Managerial Levels: Comparing MLB and NFL. Manage. Decis. Econ., 34: 428–436. doi: 10.1002/mde.2604
- Issue published online: 4 JUL 2013
- Article first published online: 13 MAR 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 3 FEB 2013
- Manuscript Received: 16 NOV 2012
Sports differ according to the number of players, interdependencies among them, complexity of strategy, and other dimensions. For example, baseball has been described as ‘an individual game in which a team score is kept’. These differences suggest differences in the relative importance of managerial inputs: owners, general managers, and managers (or head coaches). Using panels over 1970–2011, I estimate performance production regressions for Major League Baseball and the National Football League that permit the relative importance of these managerial inputs to be assessed within and across sports while taking explicit account of the hierarchical structure of management levels. In addition, with predicted individual effects, I present rankings of best and worst managers, general managers, and owners. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.