Encephalomyelitis with rigidity complicating human immunodeficiency virus infection

Authors

  • Annie Lannuzel MD, PhD,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Neurology, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire des Antilles et de la Guyane, Pointe-à-Pitre, Guadeloupe, French West Indies, France
    • Service de Neurologie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, Route de Chauvel, 97159 Pointe-à-Pitre Guadeloupe (FWI), France
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  • Cécile Hermann MD,

    1. Laboratory of Bacteriology and Parasitology, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire des Antilles et de la Guyane, Pointe-à-Pitre, Guadeloupe, French West Indies, France
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  • Chérine Yousry MD, PhD,

    1. Department of Dermatology and Infectious Diseases, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire des Antilles et de la Guyane, Pointe-à-Pitre, Guadeloupe, French West Indies, France
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  • Andrew Lees MD, PhD,

    1. Reta Lila Weston Institute of Neurological Studies, London, United Kingdom
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  • Dominique Caparros-Lefebvre MD, PhD

    1. Department of Neurology, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire des Antilles et de la Guyane, Pointe-à-Pitre, Guadeloupe, French West Indies, France
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  • A videotape accompanies this article.

Abstract

A 34-year-old man with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) presented with axial rigidity, painful spasms, and delayed hemiparesis and dementia. Cerebrospinal fluid analysis showed no antiglutamic acid dehydrogenase antibodies but viral genome from Epstein-Barr virus was detected by polymerase chain reaction. Clinical features and possible viral aetiology of progressive encephalomyelitis with rigidity are briefly discussed.© 2001 Movement Disorder Society

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