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Keywords:

  • subthalamotomy;
  • hemiballism;
  • Parkinson's disease

Abstract

The occurrence of persistent hemiballism after subthalamotomy for Parkinson's disease (PD) has not been described as frequently as mild or transient dyskinesia. We report on 2 patients with advanced PD who developed hemiballism and/or dyskinesia after subthalamotomy. One patient with a small lesion confined to the subthalamic nucleus (STN) developed persistent hemiballism; the other with a larger lesion involving the STN and also the zona incerta presented with a transient dyskinesia in a single limb. We conclude that a precise STN lesion might bear a potential risk of persistent hemiballism. © 2002 Movement Disorder Society