Further case of paroxysmal exercise-induced dystonia and some insights into pathogenesis



Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis of pterin and monamine metabolites was performed before and after an attack in a patient with paroxysmal exercise-induced dystonia. A twofold increase in CSF homovanillic acid and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid after an attack was measured. This finding lends support to the hypothesis that increased dopaminergic transmission contributes to the clinical features of the hyperkinetic movement disorders. © 2002 Movement Disorder Society