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Keywords:

  • painful legs and moving toes;
  • painless legs and moving toes;
  • PLMT

Abstract

Painful legs and moving toes (PLMT) is a rare syndrome which is characterised by involuntary movements of the toes and pain in the legs. We report on a mother and her daughter who both presented with involuntary movements of the toes similar to those seen in PLMT but without any associated pain. Neurological examination revealed intermittent 0.3 to 0.5-Hz flexion and extension of the toes and ankles of the right foot in the mother, and of both feet in the daughter. In both patients, the movements appeared during periods of rest that were uncorrelated with the time of day. Diagnostic work-up gave no evidence of radiculopathy or of focal neuropathy. Overnight polysomnography documented that movements of the toes and feet occurred only before sleep onset and during periods of nocturnal awakening or arousals. Because the movements observed in our patients were similar to those seen in patients with PLMT, we diagnosed an abortive form of this syndrome, which already has got the naming “painless legs and moving toes.” The occurrence in a mother and her daughter may point to a hereditary component of this disorder. © 2003 Movement Disorder Society