Parkinson's disease with late Pick's dementia



We report a case in which typical clinical features of idiopathic Parkinson's disease existed for seven years prior to the development of significant behavioral and cognitive changes and severe dementia. The patient presented with right-sided resting tremor, bradykinesia, and rigidity, which were highly responsive to levodopa. Serial neuropsychological evaluation revealed no evidence of dementia until late in the disease. The patient deteriorated rapidly eight years into the disease, requiring full care. She died 16 years after symptom onset and post-mortem neuropathological analysis revealed Lewy body Parkinson's disease and Pick's disease. To our knowledge, this is the first non-familial case with this combination of clinical history and pathologically confirmed disease to be reported in the literature. The absence of a family history of any neurological disease sets this case apart from the recently described genetic cases of frontotemporal dementia with Parkinsonism linked to chromosome 17. In addition, the relatively late onset of dementia in frontotemporal dementia is atypical. While there is considerable debate regarding the cause of dementia in idiopathic Parkinson's disease, our case illustrates that Pick's disease is one such cause. © 2001 Movement Disorder Society.