Retargeted clostridial endopeptidases: Inhibition of nociceptive neurotransmitter release in vitro, and antinociceptive activity in in vivo models of pain



Clostridial neurotoxins potently and specifically inhibit neurotransmitter release in defined cell types. Previously reported data have demonstrated that the catalytically active LHN endopeptidase fragment of botulinum neurotoxin type A (termed LHN/A) can be retargeted to a range of cell types in vitro to lead to inhibition of secretion of a range of transmitters. Here, we report the synthesis of endopeptidase conjugates with in vitro selectivity for nociceptive afferents compared to spinal neurons. Chemical conjugates prepared between Erythrina cristagalli lectin and LHN/A are assessed in vitro and in in vivo models of pain. Chemical conjugates prepared between E. cristagalli lectin and either natively sourced LHN/A, or recombinant LHN/A purified from Escherichia coli are assessed, and equivalence of the recombinant material is demonstrated. The duration of action of inhibition of neurotransmitter release by the conjugate in vitro is also assessed and is comparable to that observed with Clostridium botulinum neurotoxin. Selectivity of targeting and therapeutic potential have been confirmed by in vivo electrophysiology studies. Furthermore, the analgesic properties of the conjugate have been assessed in in vivo models of pain and extended duration effects observed. These data provide proof of principle for the concept of retargeted clostridial endopeptidases as novel analgesics. © 2004 Movement Disorder Society