Natural history of posttraumatic cervical dystonia



We studied a case series of 9 patients with posttraumatic cervical dystonia, in whom involuntary muscle spasms and abnormal head postures occurred within 7 days after cervical injury. Patients were examined, treated with botulinum toxin as necessary, and were followed up to 5 years. Based on our observations of these cases, we propose that complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) could represent a variant of posttraumatic cervical dystonia that may develop over time after the initiation of dystonia. © 2004 Movement Disorder Society