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Keywords:

  • deep brain subthalamic nucleus stimulation;
  • parkin gene;
  • parkinsonism

Abstract

Chronic subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS) is an efficacious treatment for idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) that cannot be further improved by medical therapy. We present a case of an individual with juvenile parkinsonism caused by homozygous deletion of exon 3 in the parkin gene with disabling long-term side-effects from levodopa who underwent bilateral STN neuromodulation. Parkin-linked parkinsonism may show clinical features different from sporadic PD, yet it shares levodopa responsiveness. Because levodopa responsiveness is a predictor of STN-DBS efficacy, we argued that this kind of surgical approach might be efficacious in hereditary parkin-linked juvenile parkinsonism. We evaluated clinical and functional assessment before and 12 months after surgery. The results showed that the Unified Parkinson Disease Rating Scales Motor score improved by 84% in our patient, the levodopa equivalent daily dose medication (LEDD) was reduced by 66%, and, finally, disabling and severe dyskinesias disappeared. © 2004 Movement Disorder Society