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HIV encephalitis simulating Huntington's disease

Authors

  • Jeffrey J. Sevigny MD,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Neurology, Columbia University College of Physician and Surgeons, New York, New York, USA
    2. Gertrude H. Sergievsky Center, Columbia University College of Physician and Surgeons, New York, New York, USA
    • The Neurological Institute, 710 W 168th Street, Box 160, New York, NY 10032
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  • Steven S.M. Chin MD, PhD,

    1. Department of Pathology, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York, USA
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  • Yvonne Milewski MD,

    1. Department of Pathology, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York, USA
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  • Mark W. Albers MD, PhD,

    1. Department of Neurology, Columbia University College of Physician and Surgeons, New York, New York, USA
    2. Taub Institute for Research on Alzheimer's Disease and the Aging Brain, Columbia University College of Physician and Surgeons, New York, New York, USA
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  • Marc L. Gordon MD,

    1. Departments of Neurology and Psychiatry, Long Island Jewish Medical Center, New Hyde Park, New York, USA
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  • Karen Marder MD, MPH

    1. Department of Neurology, Columbia University College of Physician and Surgeons, New York, New York, USA
    2. Gertrude H. Sergievsky Center, Columbia University College of Physician and Surgeons, New York, New York, USA
    3. Taub Institute for Research on Alzheimer's Disease and the Aging Brain, Columbia University College of Physician and Surgeons, New York, New York, USA
    4. Psychiatric Institute of New York, Columbia University College of Physician and Surgeons, New York, New York, USA
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Abstract

Complications from human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immune deficiency syndrome are notorious for mimicking other neurological diseases. We describe a case of HIV encephalitis presenting with the classic clinical features of Huntington's Disease in a woman without known HIV risk factors or other clinical stigmata suggestive of immunosuppression. This case reminds us that HIV should be part of the differential diagnosis in unexplainable neurological diseases. © 2004 Movement Disorder Society

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