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Spinocerebellar ataxia type 17: Extension of phenotype with putaminal rim hyperintensity on magnetic resonance imaging



We report on a 50-year-old woman who presented with an 8-year history of involuntary movements, unsteadiness, and cognitive decline. Examination revealed multidomain cognitive deficits, jerky ocular pursuit movements, hypometric saccades, gaze impersistence, dysarthria, upper limb dystonia, and widespread chorea. TATA-binding protein gene test revealed trinucleotide expansion allele sizes of 47 and 39 repeats, confirming the diagnosis of spinocerebellar ataxia type 17 (SCA-17). Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed marked cerebellar atrophy and putaminal rim hyperintensity. This is the first case of SCA-17 reported to show MRI signal change in the basal ganglia, and extends the phenotypic manifestation of SCA-17. © 2005 Movement Disorder Society