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How to diagnose multiple system atrophy

Authors

  • Niall P. Quinn MD

    Corresponding author
    1. Sobell Department of Motor Neuroscience and Movement Disorders, Institute of Neurology, London, United Kingdom
    • Sobell Department of Motor Neuroscience and Movement Disorders, Institute of Neurology, 7 Queen Square (Box 13), London WC1N 3BG, United Kingdom
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Abstract

The diagnosis of multiple system atrophy (MSA) in life remains entirely clinical. Consensus diagnostic criteria have been developed, but their use does not particularly render a diagnosis of MSA more accurate than are clinicians' diagnoses. Some patients may not fulfill the stipulated core diagnostic criteria, yet display many so-called red flags pointing toward MSA. The additional usefulness of these red flags and of a variety of investigations currently is being investigated, with a view to some of them being incorporated in future sets of diagnostic criteria. © 2005 Movement Disorder Society

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