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Complete suppression of paroxysmal nonkinesigenic dyskinesia by globus pallidus internus pallidal stimulation



Stereotactic functional surgery is being explored as potential therapies for medically intractable paroxysmal dyskinesias (PxD). We report on a 59-year-old man in whom stimulation of globus pallidus internus produced immediate and sustained relief of paroxysmal non-kinesigenic dyskinesia secondary to a rotator cuff tears on the left shoulder. Our finding strongly suggests that altered function of neuronal circuits of the basal ganglia underlies the manifestation of PxD. © 2005 Movement Disorder Society