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Frequency and phenotypes of LRRK2 G2019S mutation in Italian patients with Parkinson's disease



To evaluate the frequency of the LRRK2 G2019S mutation in Italy, we tested 1,072 probands with Parkinson's disease (PD; 822 sporadic and 250 familial): 20 patients (1.9%) carried the G2019S mutation, 11 patients (1.3%) were sporadic, and 9 (4.3%) had a positive family history. Considering only probands with autosomal dominant inheritance, the G2019S frequency raises to 5.2%. All presented a typical phenotype with variable onset and shared the common ancestral haplotype. Mutation frequency raised from 1.2% in early onset PD to 4.0% in late onset PD. © 2006 Movement Disorder Society