Blepharospasm and limb dystonia caused by Mohr-Tranebjaerg syndrome with a novel splice-site mutation in the deafness/dystonia peptide gene



Mohr-Tranebjaerg syndrome (MTS) is an X-linked disorder characterized by childhood-onset progressive deafness, dystonia, spasticity, mental deterioration, and blindness. It is due to mutations in the deafness/dystonia peptide (DDP1) gene. We describe a sporadic 42-year-old man with MTS presenting with postlingual deafness, adult-onset progressive dystonia with marked arm tremor, mild spasticity of the legs, and visual disturbance due to a novel mutation (g to a transition at the invariant gt of the 5′ splice donor site of exon 1) in the DDP1 gene. This case, and a review of previously reported cases, highlights a variety of potential diagnostic pitfalls in this condition. © 2007 Movement Disorder Society