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Keywords:

  • camptocormia;
  • psychogenic movement disorders;
  • clinical manifestations;
  • conversion disorder

Abstract

Camptocormia describes a severe forward-flexion at the waist. Originally used in reference to a conversion disorder seen in military personel (Souques and Rosanoff-Saloff, Rev Neurol 1915, 22, 937; Rosen and Frymoyer, Spine 1985, 10, 325; Miller and Forbes, Br J Psychiatry 1990, 157, 765; Perez-Sales, Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1990, 71, 1078; Sinel and Eisenberg, Rev Rhum Mal Osteoartic 1992, 59, 169; Miller and Forbes, Mil Med 1990, 155, 561; Belgrano and Giordano, Rev Neurol 1947, 79, 25–35), the term has been adapted to describe severely flexed postures observed in Parkinson disease (Djaldetti et al., Mov Disord 1999, 14, 443), other basal ganglia disorders (Nieves et al., Mov Disord 2001, 16, 177; Reichel et al., Nervenarzt 2001, 72, 281), and muscular disease (Delcey et al., Rev Med Intern 2002, 23, 144; Van Gerpen, Mov Disord 2001, 16, 358). Although rare, psychogenic camptocormia is seen in civilian populations, presenting diagnostic challenges. We describe a patient whose initial history and examination suggested a psychogenic etiology for his camptocormic posture. A multidisciplinary approach elucidated the patient's motivations and emotional state, and has been helpful in management of this patient. © 2007 Movement Disorder Society