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The spectrum of orolingual tremor—A proposed classification system

Authors

  • Monty A. Silverdale MD,

    1. Movement Disorders Center, Toronto Western Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    2. Greater Manchester Neurosciences Centre, Hope Hospital, Salford, Manchester, United Kingdom
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  • Susanne A. Schneider MD,

    1. Sobell Department of Motor Neuroscience and Movement Disorders, Institute of Neurology, UCL, London, United Kingdom
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  • Kailash P. Bhatia MD,

    1. Sobell Department of Motor Neuroscience and Movement Disorders, Institute of Neurology, UCL, London, United Kingdom
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  • Anthony E. Lang MD

    Corresponding author
    1. Movement Disorders Center, Toronto Western Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    • Movement Disorders Center, Toronto Western Hospital, 399 Bathurst Street MCL 7-402, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5T 2S8

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Abstract

Orolingual tremors include tremors of the jaw, tongue, pharynx, and face. There is currently no accepted classification scheme for such tremors. A proper classification scheme for orolingual tremors should aid in providing more accurate diagnoses and permit future research studies assessing important aspects such as pathogenesis or novel therapies using more uniformly defined and characterized populations. In this review, we propose a classification system for orolingual tremor based on the consensus statement of the Movement Disorder Society on tremor. We also present cases of orolingual tremor and include these cases in the classification system. © 2007 Movement Disorder Society

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