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Keywords:

  • dopa-responsive dystonia;
  • Segawa disease;
  • GCH1 ;
  • GTP-cyclohydrolase;
  • Brazilian families

Abstract

Dopa responsive Dystonia (DRD) was first described in 1971 and typically begins at childhood with gait dysfunction caused by foot dystonia progressing to affect other extremities. There is marked diurnal fluctuation and sustained improvement of symptoms with low dose levodopa therapy. Heterozygous mutation of the gene GCH1 has been shown to cause DRD. We studied GCH1 in nine patients with DRD from six families of Federal University of Minas Gerais Movement Disorders Clinic. We identified three mutations; two affected siblings carried a novel T209P mutation and two siblings from another family were compound heterozygous carriers of Met211Val and Lys224Arg mutations. To our knowledge this is the first report of GCH1 mutations underlying DRD in patients from Brazil. © 2007 Movement Disorder Society