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Contrast sensitivity in Parkinson's disease patients with subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation

Authors

  • Kelvin L. Chou MD,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Neurology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan
    • University of Michigan Medical School, 1500 E. Medical Center Drive, SPC 5316, 1920 Taubman Center, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-5316
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  • Melissa M. Amick PhD,

    1. Memorial Hospital of Rhode Island, Pawtucket, Rhode Island
    2. Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island
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  • Margaret Gagner RNP

    1. Southern New England Neurology, Barrington, Rhode Island
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  • Potential conflict of interest: None reported.

Abstract

This study examined whether deep brain stimulation (DBS) would affect the contrast sensitivity (CS) curve in patients with PD. CS was tested in 12 nondemented PD patients treated with bilateral subthalamic nucleus DBS on and off stimulation and medications. Neither stimulation condition (on vs. off) nor medications altered CS performance in this group of patients. However, collapsed across conditions, patients with bipolar stimulation in this study had significantly poorer CS at higher spatial frequencies (12 and 18 cycles per degree) than patients with monopolar stimulation. This suggests that CS deficits in PD may possibly be influenced by DBS polarity and merits further study. © 2009 Movement Disorder Society

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