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Keywords:

  • dystonia;
  • tremor;
  • Tourette syndrome;
  • musicians;
  • botulinum toxin

Abstract

The focus of this article is to review the epidemiology, phenomenology, pathophysiology, genetics, and treatment of movement disorders, particularly task-specific dystonia, in musicians. The goal is to draw attention to this group of neurological disorders among musicians, music teachers, and healthcare professionals and to highlight the importance of early diagnosis, therapeutic options, and preventive measures. To increase professional and public awareness and to facilitate the recognition of music-related neurological problems, we suggest that “medical problems of musicians” be included in curriculum of music schools and medical schools. © 2008 Movement Disorder Society