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Keywords:

  • KCNA1;
  • EA1;
  • cerebellar atrophy;
  • cognitive dysfunction

Abstract

Episodic Ataxia Type 1 is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by episodes of ataxia and myokymia. It is associated with mutations in the KCNA1 voltage-gated potassium channel gene. In the present study, we describe a family with novel clinical features including persistent cerebellar dysfunction, cerebellar atrophy, and cognitive delay. All affected family members have myokymia and epilepsy, but only one individual has episodes of vertigo. Additional features include postural abnormalities, episodic stiffness and weakness. A novel KCNA1 mutation (c.1222G>T) which replaces a highly conserved valine with leucine at position 408 (p.Val408Leu) was identified in affected family members, and was found to augment the ability of the channel to inactivate. Together, our data suggests that KCNA1 mutations are associated with a broader clinical phenotype, which may include persistent cerebellar dysfunction and cognitive delay. © 2009 Movement Disorder Society