The nonmotor symptoms of Parkinson's disease—An overview

Authors

  • Shen-Yang Lim MBBS, FRACP,

    1. Movement Disorders Centre, Toronto Western Hospital, Ontario, Canada
    2. Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
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  • Anthony E. Lang MD, FRCPC

    Corresponding author
    1. Movement Disorders Centre, Toronto Western Hospital, Ontario, Canada
    • Movement Disorders Centre, Toronto Western Hospital, 399 Bathurst Street, 7MCL, Toronto, Ontario M5T 2S8, Canada
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  • Potential conflict of interest: Nothing to report.

Abstract

Nonmotor symptoms (NMS) are very common in Parkinson's disease (PD) and may result in significant disability. The increased focus on these important clinical features represents a major advance in the care of PD patients. In this article, we provide an overview of recent developments in the field. © 2010 Movement Disorder Society

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