Objective measurement of dyskinesia in Parkinson's disease using a force plate


  • Potential conflict of interest: None reported.


Clinical investigation of levodopa-induced dyskinesia (LID) in Parkinson's disease (PD) is limited because of lack of objective measurements and no consensus on use of a standard measuring tool. Currently, clinical trials use subject-completed diaries of dyskinesia throughout the day or investigator-administered clinical rating scales. An objective and valid method of measuring LID would reduce bias, variability, and decrease the time and number needed in trials of potential anti-dyskinetic agents. We have investigated using a force plate under standing subjects, which records movement of the center of pressure (CoP) to quantify LID over a levodopa (L-dopa) cycle. Twenty-two PD subjects (15 with LID, 7 without LID) admitted to an inpatient research facility had their PD meds withheld overnight, followed by a 2 hours intravenous L-dopa infusion the next day. The root mean squared of the velocity in the anterior-posterior direction (RMSV) derived from an analysis of the CoP, and, the modified Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale (mAIMS) were performed repeatedly for 6 hours, initially as subjects were OFF before the infusion, through infusion until OFF again. There was a high correlation between the area under the curve (AUC) of the mAIMS and the RMSV within and between subjects. As a measure of LID, RMSV had excellent validity and reliability between subjects, and using a force plate was feasible. Sensitivity to changes in LID wasinitially demonstrated but should be repeated. Thus, CoP recordings on a force plate can objectively quantify LID in PD and may be very useful in clinical trials or other investigations of dyskinesia. © 2010 Movement Disorder Society