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Keywords:

  • PTPRD gene;
  • sibling transmission/disequilibrium test;
  • restless legs syndrome;
  • family-based association study;
  • case-control association study

Abstract

Objective:

We previously mapped a genetic locus for restless legs syndrome (RLS) to chromosome 9p22-24 (RLS3) and a later genome-wide association study (GWAS) implicated the PTPRD gene at the RLS3 locus as a susceptibility gene for RLS. However, from the standpoint of genetics, the GWAS association needs to be validated by independent studies. In this study, we used both family-based and population-based association studies to assess the association between PTPRD and RLS in an American Caucasian population.

Methods:

We genotyped two intronic SNPs rs1975197 and rs4626664 in PTPRD in 144 family members from 15 families and a case control cohort of 189 patients and 560 controls. Direct DNA sequence analysis was used to screen coding exons and exon-intron boundaries of PTPRD for rare mutations.

Results:

A family-based sibling transmission disequilibrium test showed association of RLS with SNP rs1975197 (P = 0.015), but not with rs4626664 (P = 0.622). The association with rs1975197 was significantly replicated by a population-based case control association study (allelic P = 0.0004, odds ratio = 1.68; genotypic P = 0.0013 and 0.0003 for an additive and dominant model, respectively). One rare p.E1639D variant was identified in exon 39 in kindred RLS40005. The rare D1639 allele did not co-segregate with RLS in the family, suggesting that p.E1639D variant is not a causative mutation.

Conclusions:

This represents the first independent study to validate the association between PTPRD variants and RLS. Both family-based and population-based association studies suggest that PTPRD variant rs1975197 confers risk of RLS. © 2011 Movement Disorder Society