Funding agencies: Dr. Hallett's work is supported by the Intramural Program of NINDS, NIH.
Milestones in clinical neurophysiology†
Article first published online: 27 MAY 2011
Copyright © 2011 Movement Disorder Society
Special Issue: 25th Anniversary
Volume 26, Issue 6, pages 958–967, May 2011
How to Cite
Hallett, M. and Rothwell, J. (2011), Milestones in clinical neurophysiology. Mov. Disord., 26: 958–967. doi: 10.1002/mds.23572
Relevant conflicts of interest/financial disclosures: Nothing to report.
Full financial disclosures and author roles may be found in the online version of this article.
- Issue published online: 26 MAY 2011
- Article first published online: 27 MAY 2011
- Manuscript Accepted: 11 NOV 2010
- Manuscript Received: 4 OCT 2010
- transcranial magnetic stimulation;
- Parkinson's disease;
Over the last 25 years, clinical neurophysiology has made many advances in the understanding, diagnosis, and even treatment of different movement disorders. Transcranial magnetic stimulation has been the biggest technical advance. Progress in pathophysiology includes improved knowledge about bradykinesia in Parkinson's disease, loss of inhibition and increased plasticity in dystonia, abnormal startle in hyperekplexia, and various features of psychogenic movement disorders that can aid diagnosis. Studies have been done looking at the use of noninvasive brain stimulation for therapy, but effects are generally small. © 2011 Movement Disorder Society