Relevant conflicts of interest/financial disclosures: Nothing to report.
Article first published online: 3 MAY 2011
Copyright © 2011 Movement Disorder Society
Volume 26, Issue 9, pages 1725–1729, 1 August 2011
How to Cite
Van Lieshout, P. H.H.M., Steele, C. M. and Lang, A. E. (2011), Tongue control for swallowing in Parkinson's disease: Effects of age, rate, and stimulus consistency. Mov. Disord., 26: 1725–1729. doi: 10.1002/mds.23690
This research was supported by funding from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (Grant 63271) and in part from the Canada Research Chairs Program. Support also came from the Toronto Rehabilitation Institute, which receives funding under the Provincial Rehabilitation Research Program from the Ministry of Health and Long-term Care in Ontario.
Full financial disclosures and author roles may be found in the online version of this article.
- Issue published online: 9 AUG 2011
- Article first published online: 3 MAY 2011
- Manuscript Accepted: 31 JAN 2011
- Manuscript Revised: 14 JAN 2011
- Manuscript Received: 13 JUL 2010
Additional Supporting Information may be found in the online version of this article.
|MDS_23690_sm_SuppFig1.tif||6774K||Supporting Information Figure 1. Electro-Magnetic Midsagittal Articulograph (EMMA) System as used in this study.|
|MDS_23690_sm_SuppTable1.doc||42K||Supporting Information Table 1. Mean (SD) values for GROUP (Older control, Younger controls, Parkinson patients) by STIMULUS (water[H2O], thin apple juice [APP], thick apple juice [HON]) by RATE (DIScrete, SEQuential) by LOCATION (Tongue Body, Tongue Dorsum) for the discrete kinematic variables (amplitude and duration), separate for upward, downward, forward, and backward movements.|
|MDS_23690_sm_SuppTable2.doc||81K||Supporting Information Table 2. Main effects and significant interactions for STIMULUS (water[H2O], thin apple juice [APP], thick apple juice [HON]), RATE (DIScrete, SEQuential), and LOCATION (Tongue Body, Tongue Dorsum) for all dependent variables (amplitude, duration, & cyclic Spatio-Temporal Index [cSTI]), separate for movement direction (Upwards, Downwards, Forwards, Backwards). Cohen's f-values are also shown.|
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