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Keywords:

  • neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation; pantothenate kinase–associated neurodegeneration; deferiprone; magnetic resonance imaging; iron

Abstract

Background:

The safety and efficacy of the oral iron-chelating agent deferiprone on magnetic resonance pallida iron concentration and on clinical status were investigated in 10 patients affected by pantothenate kinase–associated neurodegeneration.

Methods:

Nine patients (age range, 7–39 years) completed the study.

Results:

A significant median reduction in globus pallidus iron content as assessed by T2* relaxometry (and calculated R2* maps; P = .008) was observed at the end of the study. None of the patients demonstrated a change in clinical status as assessed by the Burke-Fahn and Marsden Dystonia Rating scales and by a health-related quality-of-life scale. Deferiprone was well tolerated, and no serious adverse events occurred.

Conclusions:

Future trials assessing the clinical efficacy of chelating therapy should consider early symptomatic patients and a longer treatment period. © 2011 MovementDisorder Society