Relevant conflicts of interest/financial disclosures: Nothing to report.
Article first published online: 27 MAY 2011
Copyright © 2011 Movement Disorder Society
Special Issue: 25th Anniversary
Volume 26, Issue 6, pages 947–957, May 2011
How to Cite
Fahn, S. (2011), Classification of movement disorders. Mov. Disord., 26: 947–957. doi: 10.1002/mds.23759
Full financial disclosures and author roles may be found in the online version of this article.
- Issue published online: 26 MAY 2011
- Article first published online: 27 MAY 2011
- Manuscript Accepted: 28 MAR 2011
- Manuscript Received: 20 MAR 2011
- movement disorders;
The classification of movement disorders has evolved. Even the terminology has shifted, from an anatomical one of extrapyramidal disorders to a phenomenological one of movement disorders. The history of how this shift came about is described. The history of both the definitions and the classifications of the various neurologic conditions is then reviewed. First is a review of movement disorders as a group; then, the evolving classifications for 3 of them—parkinsonism, dystonia, and tremor—are covered in detail. © 2011 Movement Disorder Society