Relevant conflicts of interest/financial disclosures: Nothing to report.
Article first published online: 28 JUN 2011
Copyright © 2011 Movement Disorder Society
Volume 26, Issue 8, pages 1398–1406, July 2011
How to Cite
Baizabal Carvallo, J. F., Simpson, R. and Jankovic, J. (2011), Diagnosis and treatment of complications related to deep brain stimulation hardware. Mov. Disord., 26: 1398–1406. doi: 10.1002/mds.23800
Full financial disclosures and author roles may be found in the online version of this article.
- Issue published online: 21 JUL 2011
- Article first published online: 28 JUN 2011
- Manuscript Accepted: 18 APR 2011
- Manuscript Revised: 9 APR 2011
- Manuscript Received: 16 JAN 2011
- deep brain stimulation;
- movement disorders;
- Parkinson's disease
Deep brain stimulation is a therapeutic technique increasingly used in the treatment of a variety of neurological, psychiatric, and pain disorders. Although beneficial, it carries the immediate and long-term risks associated with implanted hardware in the brain parenchyma and subcutaneous tissue. The most common hardware complications include electrode migrations or misplacements, wire fractures, skin erosion, infections, and device malfunction. We systematically reviewed the literature on deep brain stimulation–related complications and propose a diagnostic and therapeutic algorithm. Our aim is to provide a guide for clinicians and medical staff involved in the treatment of patients with deep brain stimulation for rapid recognition and efficient management of these complications. © 2011 Movement Disorder Society