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Toward a redefinition of Parkinson's disease


  • Matthew B. Stern MD,

    Corresponding author
    1. Penn Comprehensive Neuroscience Center, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    • Penn Neurologic Institute, 330 South 9th St., Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
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  • Anthony Lang MD,

    1. Movement Disorders Center and the Edmond J. Safra Program in Parkinson's Disease, Toronto Western Hospital and the Division of Neurology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
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  • Werner Poewe MD

    1. Department of Neurology, Medical University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
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  • Relevant conflicts of interest/financial disclosures: Nothing to report.

  • Full financial disclosures and author roles may be found in the online version of this article.

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