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From ritual sword duel to electrophysiology: Hyperactive facial motor nucleus in hemifacial spasm

Authors

  • Paolo Martinelli MD,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Neurological Sciences, University of Bologna and IRCCS “Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche di Bologna,” Bologna, Italy
    • Department of Neurological Sciences, University of Bologna and IRCCS “Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche di Bologna,” Bologna, Italy
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  • Cesa Scaglione MD, PhD,

    1. Department of Neurological Sciences, University of Bologna and IRCCS “Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche di Bologna,” Bologna, Italy
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  • Giovanni Rizzo MD, PhD,

    1. Department of Neurological Sciences, University of Bologna and IRCCS “Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche di Bologna,” Bologna, Italy
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  • Sabina Capellari MD

    1. Department of Neurological Sciences, University of Bologna and IRCCS “Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche di Bologna,” Bologna, Italy
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  • Relevant conflicts of interest/financial disclosures: Nothing to report.

  • Full financial disclosures and author roles may be found in the online version of this article.

No abstract is available for this article.

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