Movement Disorders, Volume 27, Supplement 1, 2012 Index of Key Words


1-Methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+) 122, 128, 134, 135, 152, 153, 155, 1458, 1461, 1475

Acanthocytosis 982, 986, 995

Acetylcholine 666, 706, 869, 1079, 1345

Adenosine antagonists 158, 377, 388, 389, 403, 1511

Adenosine receptor 377, 754, 1290, 1385, 1511, 1516

Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) 381, 631, 789

Adrenocorticotropic hormone 1345

Aggresomes 1112, 1496

Aging 8, 25, 42, 44, 63, 87, 102, 110, 114, 125, 164, 291, 293, 295, 300, 301, 334, 356, 357, 358, 366, 444, 445, 446, 458, 521, 551, 561, 638, 653, 685, 686, 723, 763, 809, 825, 845, 855, 859, 869, 875, 896, 899, 901, 903, 905, 914, 917, 918, 919, 932, 937, 940, 942, 945, 955, 961, 1078, 1197, 1272, 1288, 1293, 1306, 1382, 1391, 1400, 1426, 1441, 1442, 1448, 1455, 1471, 1485, 1496, 1533, 1535, 1545, 1549, 1553

Akathisia 966

Alien limb phenomenon 1147, 1164, 1165, 1168

Alpha-synuclein 26, 111, 204, 207, 210, 367, 460, 682, 1151, 1171, 1370, 1380, 1382, 1399, 1400, 1405, 1421, 1425, 1427, 1431, 1432, 1435, 1449, 1463, 1465, 1467, 1468, 1473, 1482, 1483, 1491, 1494, 1495, 1497, 1499, 1500, 1501, 1502, 1505, 1520, 1522, 1566

Amantadine 387, 412, 1288, 1569

Amino acid disorders 217

AMPA 1022

Amygdala 634

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 1364, 1445

Anhedonia 944

Anticholinergic medications 122, 351, 549, 1097, 1298

Antidepressants 345, 546, 704, 856, 857, 858, 1312, 1328, 1574

Anxiety 14, 143, 214, 278, 354, 512, 543, 554, 793, 800, 801, 810, 811, 839, 840, 842, 845, 856, 858, 861, 878, 885, 892, 893, 901, 906, 907, 929, 943, 944, 1167, 1210, 1231, 1240, 1522, 1589

Apathy 55, 98, 244, 344, 398, 470, 494, 819, 862, 907, 919, 1173, 1573

Aphasia 116

Apomorphine 40, 145, 160, 279, 279, 393, 803, 923

Apoptosis 565, 1461, 1521, 1523

Apraxia 573, 690, 966, 1088, 1131, 1153, 1168, 1539, 1556

Astrocytic plaques 1508

Ataxia: Anatomy 585, 592, 610

Ataxia: Clinical features 171, 220, 250, 268, 562, 566, 569, 573, 574, 576, 577, 578, 579, 580, 581, 582, 584, 586, 588, 590, 592, 593, 594, 596, 597, 599, 601, 603, 604, 605, 606, 607, 610, 740, 1054, 1226, 1236, 1423, 1438

Ataxia: Etiology and Pathogenesis 511, 565, 568, 569, 572, 573, 577, 578, 579, 583, 587, 588, 595, 605, 1321, 1359, 1428, 1487, 1488

Ataxia: Genetics 564, 566, 568, 572, 573, 574, 576, 578, 580, 581, 586, 588, 592, 600, 601, 602, 603, 605, 611, 740, 1359, 1388, 1402, 1403, 1406, 1423, 1488

Ataxia: Pathophysiology 559, 592, 597, 598, 599, 609, 1359

Ataxia: Treatment 373, 562, 570, 577, 586, 587, 595, 608, 617, 1176

Athetosis 1110

Attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) 221, 711, 1331, 1333, 1334

Autism 216, 1331

Autonomic dysfunction 5, 10, 35, 78, 88, 284, 350, 451, 622, 625, 701, 910, 1133, 1142, 1144, 1159, 1180, 1209, 1284, 1287, 1291, 1294, 1295, 1296, 1300, 1302, 1305, 1336, 1345, 1346, 1349, 1350, 1351, 1352, 1353, 1357, 1421, 1428, 1509, 1541, 1546, 1567, 1589, 1592

Autonomic nervous system 338, 517, 684, 1134, 1349, 1353, 1354

Azathioprine 701

Baclofen 335, 1120

Basal ganglia 30, 126, 132, 187, 199, 200, 214, 217, 226, 228, 229, 239, 241, 245, 247, 253, 347, 379, 394, 441, 475, 484, 489, 496, 507, 509, 526, 530, 629, 630, 635, 639, 648, 656, 662, 669, 675, 691, 695, 705, 707, 711, 719, 720, 721, 724, 728, 731, 732, 735, 736, 751, 752, 765, 778, 780, 783, 788, 794, 826, 832, 855, 872, 915, 960, 969, 972, 1036, 1042, 1043, 1047, 1077, 1125, 1128, 1149, 1193, 1196, 1204, 1205, 1238, 1309, 1315, 1332, 1339, 1341, 1349, 1366, 1381, 1387, 1401, 1462, 1466, 1481, 1513, 1519, 1530, 1531, 1534, 1547, 1555, 1591, 1593

Behavioral abnormalities 64, 85, 98, 165, 171, 177, 201, 206, 233, 244, 282, 287, 298, 470, 482, 493, 747, 793, 799, 801, 802, 809, 810, 811, 817, 823, 824, 825, 827, 828, 836, 843, 846, 847, 848, 853, 864, 866, 867, 869, 897, 898, 931, 934, 944, 994, 1023, 1054, 1173, 1332, 1417, 1462, 1522

Benign hereditary chorea (BHC) 984

Benzodiazepines 1070, 1126

Bereitschaftspotential (BSP) 263, 271

Blepharospasm 21, 998, 1020, 1021, 1049, 1053, 1058, 1074, 1085, 1088, 1093, 1099, 1107, 1187, 1443

Blink rate 1020, 1136

Botulinum toxin: Chemical subtypes 1059, 1283, 1301

Botulinum toxin: Clinical applications: dystonia 883, 955, 993, 998, 1005, 1009, 1018, 1021, 1030, 1032, 1039, 1045, 1051, 1059, 1062, 1066, 1068, 1071, 1073, 1082, 1088, 1093, 1101, 1105, 1106, 1108, 1109, 1113, 1114, 1115, 1120, 1139, 1311, 1443

Botulinum toxin: Clinical applications: other 339, 518, 612, 876, 1053, 1099, 1101, 1252, 1301

Botulinum toxin: Clinical applications: siallorhea 549, 1139

Botulinum toxin: Clinical applications: spasticity 339, 340, 341

Botulinum toxin: Mechanism of action 1032, 1073, 1252

Bradykinesia 3, 9, 23, 31, 62, 117, 283, 291, 299, 303, 309, 311, 331, 348, 375, 391, 397, 422, 442, 448, 485, 529, 635, 637, 644, 662, 680, 702, 717, 844, 895, 910, 935, 970, 1141, 1166, 1178, 1200, 1213, 1348, 1415, 1446, 1515, 1527, 1529, 1564, 1571, 1575, 1580, 1598

Brain iron accumulation 719, 720, 728, 1057, 1143, 1147, 1157

Brainstem nuclei 42, 262, 269, 347, 653, 682, 684, 729, 1175, 1195, 1250, 1479, 1555, 1592

Brainstem reflexes 1076

Caffeine 14, 421

Calcium 631, 918, 1043, 1145

Cannabinoid antagonist 158

Catalase 1292

Catalepsy 220

Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) 105, 1398, 1472, 1489

Cell death 128, 152, 458, 460, 560, 729, 914, 1204, 1454, 1456, 1458, 1461, 1478, 1496, 1497, 1506, 1520, 1523, 1553

Cerebellar tremors(see Tremor) 979

Cerebellum 82, 239, 560, 566, 571, 572, 575, 579, 580, 583, 590, 591, 595, 597, 600, 604, 607, 706, 712, 732, 751, 772, 783, 822, 1042, 1043, 1081, 1118, 1143, 1144, 1195, 1243, 1256, 1272, 1324, 1388, 1438, 1487, 1488

Cerebral palsy 219, 335, 952, 955

Cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis 994, 1013, 1188

Ceruloplasmin 233, 234, 237, 242, 248, 251, 781, 1102, 1490

Cholinesterase inhibitors 107, 1324

Chorea (also see specific diagnoses, Huntingtons disease, etc): Anatomy 182, 191

Chorea (also see specific diagnoses, Huntingtons disease, etc): Clinical features 4, 168, 169, 170, 171, 173, 174, 175, 176, 177, 178, 179, 182, 185, 188, 192, 193, 194, 195, 196, 197, 217, 278, 281, 880, 884, 988, 989, 990, 991, 994, 995

Chorea (also see specific diagnoses, Huntingtons disease, etc): Etiology and Pathogenesis 178, 179, 193, 199, 281, 884, 985, 989, 990, 995, 1052, 1321

Chorea (also see specific diagnoses, Huntingtons disease, etc): Genetics 170, 173, 193, 199, 201, 984, 988, 995, 1407

Chorea (also see specific diagnoses, Huntingtons disease, etc): Pathophysiology 193, 281

Chorea (also see specific diagnoses, Huntingtons disease, etc): Treatment 167, 175, 176, 180, 184, 185, 186, 192, 194, 195, 196, 197, 198, 202, 281, 884, 971, 990, 1303, 1390

Chorea-acanthocytosis (see neuroacanthocytosis) 982

Choreoathetosis 13, 16, 237, 952, 986, 1318, 1363, 1407

Clonazepam 250, 1062, 1270

Clozapine 74, 816, 1298

Coenzyme Q10 184, 185, 186, 444, 445, 446

Cofactor disorders 154

Cognitive dysfunction 10, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 51, 52, 53, 54, 56, 58, 59, 60, 60, 61, 62, 63, 65, 66, 68, 69, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 75, 77, 78, 79, 81, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 89, 90, 91, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 99, 100, 102, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 110, 112, 113, 116, 117, 118, 120, 121, 174, 177, 179, 181, 204, 206, 209, 220, 266, 296, 315, 345, 371, 399, 454, 464, 465, 486, 523, 536, 543, 551, 561, 563, 601, 609, 650, 661, 677, 708, 710, 723, 727, 775, 780, 787, 815, 827, 831, 836, 848, 867, 902, 937, 964, 1161, 1163, 1170, 1206, 1229, 1231, 1258, 1266, 1269, 1324, 1358, 1421, 1460, 1462, 1537, 1558, 1573, 1574, 1589, 1596

COMT inhibitors 133, 159, 365, 395, 437, 678

Constipation 14, 1352, 1356

Contracture 1208

Copper 2, 230, 231, 231, 232, 234, 235, 236, 242, 245, 246, 247, 248, 251, 579, 781, 1394

Copper chelation therapy 232, 235, 236, 242, 243, 246, 251

Cortical myoclonus (see myoclonus) 613

Corticobasal degeneration (CBD) 192, 518, 713, 756, 762, 771, 782, 1084, 1127, 1131, 1147, 1153, 1156, 1163, 1164, 1165, 1169, 1188, 1190, 1191, 1392, 1437

Corticosteroids 584

Cramps 928, 1058

Creatine 327, 399, 444, 445

Creatine kinase (CK) 402

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) 1164

Dardarin mutation (see LRRK2) 774, 1411, 1441

Deep brain stimulation (DBS) 34, 53, 77, 94, 180, 218, 253, 273, 274, 286, 302, 319, 344, 355, 409, 413, 424, 453, 462, 466, 467, 468, 469, 470, 471, 472, 474, 475, 476, 477, 480, 481, 482, 483, 485, 486, 487, 488, 490, 491, 492, 492, 493, 494, 495, 496, 497, 498, 499, 500, 501, 502, 503, 505, 506, 507, 508, 510, 512, 514, 515, 516, 516, 517, 518, 519, 520, 521, 522, 524, 528, 530, 531, 532, 533, 534, 535, 536, 537, 541, 558, 606, 624, 626, 627, 629, 636, 642, 646, 654, 655, 663, 667, 736, 813, 828, 879, 883, 900, 900, 923, 939, 946, 947, 948, 949, 950, 951, 952, 953, 954, 956, 957, 958, 959, 960, 962, 964, 965, 967, 968, 969, 970, 971, 973, 974, 975, 977, 978, 979, 980, 981, 992, 1010, 1025, 1026, 1028, 1048, 1064, 1091, 1149, 1225, 1236, 1253, 1255, 1259, 1262, 1263, 1265, 1271, 1280, 1310, 1340, 1344, 1346, 1358, 1486, 1498, 1539

Dementia 29, 32, 36, 37, 39, 42, 43, 44, 46, 49, 51, 54, 61, 64, 67, 70, 71, 72, 73, 79, 80, 80, 83, 84, 85, 86, 88, 93, 95, 96, 98, 100, 102, 103, 104, 105, 107, 108, 109, 112, 113, 114, 118, 120, 133, 171, 181, 192, 201, 203, 204, 208, 210, 296, 315, 386, 446, 448, 500, 547, 550, 551, 666, 704, 713, 775, 785, 795, 881, 889, 894, 901, 905, 911, 913, 939, 961, 991, 1037, 1146, 1158, 1177, 1188, 1190, 1194, 1229, 1306, 1408, 1436, 1445, 1485, 1508, 1549, 1581, 1596

Dementia pugilistica 19

Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) 52, 120, 203, 205, 209, 683, 910, 1432, 1447, 1494

Denervation 146, 1350, 1352, 1509

Dentatorubro-pallidoluysian atrophy (DRPLA) 611

Depression 14, 55, 98, 206, 244, 307, 310, 312, 325, 333, 334, 345, 350, 372, 428, 434, 452, 466, 542, 543, 546, 554, 677, 679, 680, 800, 801, 810, 811, 819, 823, 824, 840, 843, 845, 854, 856, 857, 858, 860, 861, 868, 871, 878, 885, 888, 889, 892, 894, 902, 906, 907, 917, 919, 921, 927, 929, 931, 934, 938, 944, 945, 964, 976, 1007, 1069, 1134, 1143, 1161, 1167, 1173, 1191, 1210, 1211, 1229, 1231, 1240, 1328, 1532, 1540, 1541, 1558, 1587, 1589, 1592

Development 28, 216, 383, 395, 447, 541, 777, 872, 897, 898, 911, 912, 919, 924, 927, 932, 942, 1330, 1464, 1581, 1586

Disease-modifying strategies 137, 202, 327, 343, 366, 368, 433, 455, 560, 564, 852, 911, 912, 932, 1151, 1374, 1449, 1471, 1493, 1506, 1523

Disinhibition 786, 839, 867, 1329

DJ-1 mutation 12, 367, 1304, 1410, 1454, 1474

Donepezil 1183

Dopa decarboxylase (DDC) 1038, 1284, 1287, 1295, 1296, 1302

Dopamine 9, 26, 48, 50, 58, 81, 99, 106, 129, 130, 132, 137, 157, 163, 180, 213, 219, 225, 254, 363, 381, 385, 396, 397, 407, 410, 411, 436, 438, 452, 454, 495, 513, 538, 633, 638, 639, 640, 643, 708, 750, 754, 759, 762, 768, 777, 804, 806, 807, 823, 832, 840, 865, 866, 976, 985, 1067, 1130, 1149, 1178, 1196, 1220, 1221, 1277, 1322, 1398, 1430, 1452, 1454, 1455, 1464, 1470, 1476, 1481, 1486, 1490, 1519, 1591

Dopamine agonists 20, 40, 124, 142, 144, 145, 149, 161, 163, 318, 344, 362, 370, 374, 407, 430, 450, 457, 493, 608, 632, 759, 786, 797, 817, 823, 828, 846, 862, 864, 871, 920, 936, 1178, 1179, 1215, 1216, 1219, 1220, 1299, 1300, 1472, 1489, 1570, 1582, 1597

Dopamine dysregulation syndrome 142, 161, 252, 282, 298, 747, 798, 802, 806, 807, 839, 843, 862, 864, 866, 1417

Dopamine receptor 142, 145, 407, 438, 695, 796, 984, 1097, 1130, 1132, 1307, 1399

Dopamine receptor antagonists 135, 1168, 1228, 1306, 1314

Dopaminergic neurons 139, 152, 153, 441, 455, 459, 489, 526, 688, 711, 718, 730, 738, 760, 761, 770, 782, 791, 833, 846, 1080, 1148, 1289, 1365, 1392, 1398, 1419, 1422, 1430, 1431, 1432, 1448, 1452, 1458, 1478, 1483, 1492, 1499, 1500, 1506, 1520, 1521, 1552, 1575

Dopaminergics 138, 147, 308, 407, 408, 410, 674, 744, 795, 799, 831, 841, 924, 1294, 1303, 1481

Dopa-responsive dystonia (DRD) 213, 219, 225, 228, 620, 782, 953, 1069, 1111, 1124, 1319, 1376, 1444

Drug-induced parkinsonism (DIP) 697, 1156, 1211, 1298, 1307, 1309, 1312, 1313, 1314, 1315, 1319, 1320, 1338, 1368

Dysarthria 129, 232, 236, 249, 297, 297, 297, 297, 376, 384, 471, 505, 510, 530, 531, 532, 553, 604, 652, 766, 803, 804, 812, 915, 1011, 1054, 1077, 1126, 1193, 1197, 1246, 1254, 1559, 1577, 1586

Dysautonomia(see autonomic dysfunction) 78, 205, 307, 449, 1142, 1287, 1291, 1297, 1302, 1305, 1342, 1343, 1344, 1347, 1351, 1354, 1356, 1357

Dysexecutive syndrome 45, 61, 307, 1200, 1266

Dyskinesias 94, 99, 127, 131, 134, 135, 140, 144, 147, 148, 150, 159, 160, 164, 188, 252, 272, 304, 309, 313, 316, 317, 319, 344, 349, 361, 363, 364, 377, 385, 388, 392, 394, 403, 408, 411, 412, 414, 418, 428, 429, 430, 436, 456, 505, 525, 529, 624, 651, 669, 670, 733, 760, 842, 853, 863, 865, 877, 926, 935, 936, 966, 1012, 1043, 1279, 1290, 1316, 1317, 1318, 1322, 1323, 1369, 1379, 1385, 1404, 1409, 1507, 1516, 1550, 1568, 1571

Dysphagia 66, 262, 433, 549, 851, 854, 1308, 1348, 1353, 1460, 1598

Dysport 1018, 1051, 1068, 1113, 1114, 1283

Dystonia musculorum deformans 1004, 1023, 1112, 1384, 1566

Dystonia: Anatomy 21, 21, 965, 975, 1009, 1024, 1042, 1058, 1066, 1075, 1081, 1082, 1094

Dystonia: Clinical features 4, 16, 21, 169, 212, 215, 220, 229, 237, 238, 240, 245, 273, 277, 405, 880, 882, 948, 953, 954, 978, 984, 997, 998, 999, 1001, 1003, 1004, 1005, 1006, 1007, 1008, 1009, 1011, 1015, 1017, 1020, 1021, 1025, 1026, 1032, 1034, 1039, 1040, 1044, 1045, 1046, 1048, 1049, 1050, 1052, 1054, 1056, 1058, 1062, 1063, 1064, 1066, 1069, 1070, 1071, 1072, 1074, 1075, 1077, 1082, 1084, 1085, 1086, 1087, 1089, 1090, 1094, 1096, 1098, 1102, 1103, 1104, 1106, 1107, 1108, 1109, 1111, 1115, 1121, 1122, 1124, 1126, 1137, 1160, 1193, 1207, 1232, 1260, 1337, 1361, 1367, 1379, 1383, 1418, 1443, 1557, 1597

Dystonia: Etiology and Pathogenesis 212, 215, 714, 726, 772, 955, 997, 999, 1013, 1014, 1015, 1017, 1027, 1028, 1029, 1036, 1037, 1040, 1044, 1046, 1052, 1065, 1067, 1072, 1078, 1087, 1091, 1092, 1097, 1098, 1103, 1104, 1110, 1112, 1121, 1122, 1123, 1321, 1361, 1384, 1394, 1414, 1416, 1444

Dystonia: Genetics 213, 215, 226, 948, 1002, 1006, 1010, 1019, 1029, 1034, 1040, 1044, 1049, 1050, 1055, 1064, 1065, 1072, 1087, 1098, 1103, 1104, 1110, 1111, 1119, 1121, 1122, 1124, 1361, 1364, 1367, 1373, 1376, 1378, 1384, 1387, 1394, 1404, 1407, 1414, 1416, 1418, 1443, 1444

Dystonia: Pathophysiology 228, 259, 463, 656, 714, 726, 788, 968, 997, 1008, 1013, 1014, 1022, 1027, 1029, 1031, 1035, 1041, 1042, 1044, 1047, 1061, 1065, 1070, 1075, 1076, 1079, 1084, 1087, 1091, 1092, 1094, 1096, 1098, 1103, 1104, 1111, 1118, 1119, 1122, 1123, 1125, 1243, 1384, 1414, 1416, 1507

Dystonia: Treatment 167, 180, 212, 218, 224, 230, 339, 369, 524, 606, 879, 948, 952, 954, 956, 958, 962, 963, 968, 969, 975, 980, 997, 1005, 1010, 1016, 1018, 1021, 1022, 1024, 1028, 1032, 1035, 1038, 1039, 1040, 1041, 1045, 1046, 1048, 1050, 1051, 1052, 1053, 1056, 1059, 1060, 1063, 1064, 1066, 1073, 1080, 1082, 1083, 1088, 1091, 1092, 1093, 1095, 1101, 1105, 1106, 1108, 1109, 1113, 1114, 1115, 1120, 1123, 1283, 1308, 1376, 1394, 1414, 1590

Dystonic tremor 694, 999, 1004, 1012, 1030, 1062, 1089, 1090, 1252, 1260, 1273, 1274, 1276, 1361, 1373, 1383

Dystrophic neurites 1483

Early-onset cerebellar ataxia (EOCA) 581, 602, 611

Electroencephalogram (EEG) 169, 225, 238, 260, 261, 264, 265, 271, 272, 402, 621, 628, 633, 645, 650, 673, 680, 977, 1002, 1070, 1258, 1267, 1401, 1498

Electromyogram (EMG) 146, 172, 254, 255, 256, 259, 262, 264, 265, 269, 348, 402, 463, 511, 621, 659, 660, 665, 772, 792, 1002, 1068, 1071, 1152, 1234, 1247, 1279

Entacapone 150, 361, 365, 378, 418, 429, 437, 678, 842

Environmental toxins 28, 249, 441, 1065, 1454

Episodic ataxia 586, 1363

Essential palatal tremor (EPT) 1270, 1278

Essential tremor (ET) 13, 16, 222, 256, 283, 473, 488, 492, 507, 537, 694, 697, 732, 757, 882, 959, 974, 979, 1085, 1090, 1237, 1241, 1242, 1244, 1244, 1248, 1249, 1250, 1251, 1256, 1257, 1261, 1262, 1265, 1266, 1268, 1269, 1276, 1371, 1395, 1424, 1440, 1563, 1577

Estrogen 26, 613, 875, 1223, 1293, 1485

Evoked potentials 156, 265, 266, 627, 628, 668, 977, 1201, 1212, 1250

Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) 30, 51, 421, 671, 680, 1210

Excitotoxicity 183, 190

Executive functions 29, 38, 47, 48, 53, 56, 57, 63, 65, 91, 95, 110, 115, 116, 117, 119, 121, 156, 181, 296, 539, 548, 647, 708, 742, 755, 890, 938, 976, 1213, 1365, 1588

Experimental therapeutics 123, 158, 184, 185, 186, 202, 257, 330, 343, 354, 367, 886, 925, 968, 1151

Eye movement 228, 250, 267, 359, 480, 509, 583, 584, 598, 599, 648, 667, 940, 998, 1174, 1175, 1186, 1187, 1195, 1333, 1437, 1531, 1539, 1595

Familial neurodegenerative diseases 83, 170, 173, 177, 194, 223, 248, 564, 577, 591, 884, 1147, 1171, 1172, 1198, 1200, 1213, 1275, 1365, 1375, 1381, 1387, 1405, 1408, 1424, 1429, 1436, 1440, 1464, 1474, 1549, 1562

Fasciculation 571

Feed-forward control 630

Fragile X syndrome 1119, 1330

Fragile X tremor ataxia syndrome 589, 596, 1119, 1271

Free radicals 187, 1293

Frontal Assessment Battery (FAB) 35, 43, 55, 66, 162, 191, 373, 799, 1587, 1588

Frontotemporal dementias: Clinical features 179, 1160, 1324

Frontotemporal dementias: Genetics 1172, 1364, 1445

Frontotemporal dementias: Pathophysiology 1172, 1503, 1504

Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) 90, 93, 690, 693, 706, 707, 709, 710, 714, 726, 732, 736, 744, 747, 755, 757, 759, 765, 772, 786, 787, 788, 832, 849, 1014, 1365, 1529, 1581

Gabapentine 172, 1220, 1327

Gait disorders: Anatomy 276, 610, 698, 749, 1033, 1479, 1555, 1556

Gait disorders: Clinical features 33, 41, 57, 87, 89, 91, 108, 110, 250, 268, 294, 300, 301, 302, 305, 306, 308, 313, 320, 324, 326, 348, 354, 356, 358, 382, 391, 400, 432, 442, 443, 471, 504, 539, 546, 561, 581, 582, 647, 660, 743, 755, 776, 808, 814, 821, 838, 859, 881, 886, 890, 904, 961, 986, 1000, 1135, 1137, 1152, 1177, 1186, 1192, 1202, 1206, 1232, 1233, 1269, 1411, 1527, 1535, 1536, 1537, 1542, 1543, 1544, 1550, 1554, 1556, 1565, 1569, 1572, 1574, 1578, 1588, 1594

Gait disorders: Etiology and Pathogenesis 25, 268, 285, 382, 387, 432, 575, 698, 756, 861, 881, 939, 1000, 1192, 1194, 1389, 1429, 1536, 1551, 1565, 1578

Gait disorders: Genetics 199, 564, 565, 571, 602, 603, 1023, 1110, 1389, 1391, 1396, 1397, 1402, 1403, 1411, 1415, 1419, 1426, 1429, 1439, 1515, 1572

Gait disorders: Pathophysiology 33, 76, 276, 308, 391, 416, 417, 443, 626, 635, 647, 653, 660, 661, 687, 709, 743, 749, 791, 792, 849, 1011, 1137, 1152, 1233, 1466, 1479, 1536, 1543, 1554, 1572

Gait disorders: Treatment 38, 119, 168, 175, 176, 187, 302, 313, 342, 355, 357, 371, 382, 387, 400, 409, 415, 417, 419, 423, 426, 432, 439, 440, 453, 468, 473, 483, 490, 504, 522, 539, 540, 544, 557, 562, 570, 809, 821, 838, 886, 890, 896, 909, 916, 922, 925, 933, 941, 961, 973, 1095, 1135, 1315, 1460, 1542, 1551, 1569, 1576

Gastrointestinal problems (also see autonomic dysfunction) 1345, 1355, 1356

Gersttnann-Straussler-Scheinker syndrome 1207

Glial cytoplasmic inclusions (GCI) 1468

Glial-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) 1455, 1506

Globus pallidus 136, 249, 253, 379, 465, 468, 478, 509, 731, 868, 950, 951, 957, 963, 971, 975, 978, 981, 992, 1025, 1026, 1028, 1095, 1125, 1157, 1225, 1310, 1450

Glutamate 136, 533, 733, 1446

Glutamate antagonists 392, 412

Glutamate cortical input with 1303, 1317

Glutamic acid decarboxylase 1286

Glutathione 123, 151

Guam parkinsonism dementia complex (Guam PDC) 1146

Guillain-Barré syndrome 146

Hallervorden-Spatz disease 240, 1396

Hallucinations 89, 322, 550, 681, 795, 820, 826, 831, 832, 834, 837, 841, 847, 889, 1538, 1538, 1545, 1595

Heat shock proteins (HSP) 1381, 1475

Heavy metals 2, 231, 234, 243

Hemiballism 992, 993

Hemichorea 198, 278, 989, 993

Hemifacial spasm (HFS) 22, 22, 22, 269, 621, 739, 876, 1093, 1099, 1301, 1301, 1337

Hepatic enzymes 243

Hippocampus 101, 114, 752, 1061, 1470

Holmes tremor 492

Hyperekplexia 255, 623

Hyperparathyroidism 918

Hypertonia 1552

Hypocalcemia 1145

Hypokinesia 331, 440, 442, 505, 635, 657, 715, 1166, 1545, 1559, 1563, 1571, 1577, 1586

Hypothyroidism 595, 1015

Immunoglobulins 587, 1514

Immunosuppression 575, 616, 623, 1036, 1312

Implanted pulse generators (IPG) 270, 274, 535

Inflammation 15, 15, 15, 15, 19, 152, 183, 189, 206, 330, 499, 1199, 1289, 1447, 1457, 1462, 1467, 1491, 1514

Intention tremors (also see tremors) 1235

Interventions 70, 100, 165, 167, 200, 224, 270, 274, 314, 314, 333, 341, 351, 362, 367, 371, 384, 390, 390, 406, 431, 450, 474, 482, 555, 556, 812, 821, 839, 892, 895, 906, 907, 912, 920, 922, 923, 940, 941, 1073, 1105, 1245

Intrathecal baclofen therapy (IBT) 218, 335

Iron 2, 240, 247, 404, 688, 697, 699, 722, 737, 764, 769, 1155, 1221, 1223, 1396, 1416, 1493, 1504, 1505

Ischemia 992, 996, 1162, 1196, 1198, 1581

Isometric tremors (see Tremors) 1234

Junctophilin 991

Karak syndrome 1436

Kearns-Sayre syndrome (KSS) 1513

Kinase 1463, 1497

Kinetic tremors (see tremors) 502, 1274, 1383

Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) 1518

Leigh syndrome 241, 1513

Leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) 1, 12, 46, 520, 774, 777, 784, 1249, 1323, 1368, 1372, 1374, 1382, 1386, 1405, 1411, 1412, 1412, 1412, 1412, 1427

Levodopa (L-dopa) 1, 18, 20, 40, 44, 82, 96, 99, 122, 124, 125, 134, 135, 138, 140, 142, 146, 148, 149, 150, 154, 157, 158, 159, 160, 162, 163, 223, 292, 318, 319, 331, 349, 361, 363, 364, 365, 375, 377, 378, 385, 389, 392, 394, 395, 397, 399, 410, 411, 412, 418, 428, 429, 436, 437, 438, 445, 456, 501, 511, 523, 525, 548, 620, 625, 637, 644, 651, 659, 670, 678, 689, 693, 696, 717, 730, 760, 797, 803, 808, 816, 820, 837, 847, 853, 862, 863, 865, 866, 871, 899, 913, 920, 923, 926, 936, 1008, 1080, 1124, 1132, 1148, 1150, 1174, 1260, 1282, 1299, 1300, 1316, 1317, 1369, 1376, 1385, 1475, 1564, 1570, 1590, 1591, 1595

Lewy bodies 8, 203, 208, 209, 210, 682, 773, 852, 1037, 1154, 1355, 1360, 1372, 1377, 1380, 1424, 1435, 1463, 1473, 1480, 1482, 1495, 1509, 1512, 1548, 1553, 1579

Lipid metabolism 994, 1366, 1393, 1403, 1518

Liver transplantation 242, 1312

Locomotion 91, 300, 301, 328, 356, 357, 358, 371, 414, 416, 422, 439, 453, 570, 626, 653, 755, 808, 814, 855, 887, 909, 922, 925, 1202, 1455, 1466, 1544, 1554

Long latency 130, 256

Long-term potentiation (LTP) 258, 263, 640, 641, 1031, 1516

L-threo-34-dihydroxyphenylserine (L-DOPS) 284, 1284, 1287, 1291, 1294, 1295, 1296, 1302, 1305

Lysosomal disorders 1358, 1380, 1389, 1393, 1426, 1520

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) 22, 52, 59, 82, 86, 109, 172, 205, 212, 225, 237, 239, 272, 379, 402, 580, 585, 604, 611, 621, 691, 692, 696, 703, 712, 713, 716, 721, 722, 723, 728, 738, 739, 742, 743, 744, 745, 749, 758, 763, 768, 769, 779, 780, 781, 784, 787, 965, 989, 996, 1057, 1075, 1078, 1094, 1102, 1128, 1140, 1155, 1158, 1180, 1209, 1285, 1309, 1341, 1375, 1453, 1533

Magnetoencephalogram (MEG) 435, 658, 1453

Manganese 710, 1211, 1307

Manganism 692, 1193

MAO-B inhibitors 20, 133, 166, 450, 738, 797, 830, 933, 1178, 1472, 1489, 1526

Medium spiny striatal neurons 1519

Memory disorders 39, 54, 55, 56, 65, 67, 71, 72, 79, 80, 97, 100, 101, 104, 106, 114, 118, 194, 296, 320, 325, 836, 1170, 1266

Methylprednisolone 616

Microelectrode recording 469, 506, 512, 514, 527, 665, 1450

Microglia 189, 775, 1447, 1457

Microglial activation 19, 189, 741, 863, 1289, 1491, 1514

Microvascular decompression (MVD) 739

Micturition disturbances (see Autonomic dysfunction) 1251, 1342, 1357

Midbrain tremor 702

Midodrine 1295

Mineral accumulation disorders 236

Minocycline 444

Mitochondria 155, 217, 226, 346, 567, 833, 1203, 1422, 1431, 1458, 1508, 1513, 1517, 1518, 1524

Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) 241, 602, 1140, 1203, 1434, 1469

Mitochondrial dysfunction 123, 151, 187, 404, 789, 833, 1140, 1304, 1439, 1456, 1469, 1501, 1517, 1524, 1566

Motoneuron disease 596, 1402, 1445, 1487

Motor control 31, 57, 76, 81, 87, 103, 115, 117, 129, 132, 140, 147, 168, 191, 201, 253, 254, 255, 258, 260, 264, 265, 273, 283, 293, 295, 303, 308, 321, 326, 328, 331, 337, 359, 362, 370, 378, 386, 392, 396, 398, 408, 414, 415, 416, 417, 419, 420, 421, 425, 452, 464, 465, 476, 477, 487, 491, 495, 498, 523, 532, 534, 544, 561, 589, 633, 657, 662, 663, 664, 665, 690, 698, 709, 765, 766, 767, 808, 813, 814, 818, 835, 844, 851, 854, 855, 897, 898, 899, 925, 938, 960, 1033, 1055, 1083, 1118, 1125, 1136, 1162, 1181, 1202, 1218, 1254, 1268, 1282, 1289, 1303, 1341, 1343, 1354, 1451, 1476, 1499, 1500, 1510, 1537, 1542, 1543, 1544, 1561, 1565, 1595, 1596, 1598

Motor cortex 58, 224, 258, 263, 270, 275, 640, 649, 652, 742, 820, 822, 835, 844, 865, 1016, 1076, 1201, 1261, 1267, 1397, 1451, 1453, 1507, 1530, 1533

Motor tic Obsessions and compulsions Vocal tic Evaluations Survey (MOVES) 951

Motor unit hyperactivity 269, 1451

Motor-evoked potential (MEP) 261, 263, 275, 641, 1031, 1035, 1041, 1047

Multidisciplinary Approach 24, 31, 56, 116, 170, 178, 202, 329, 384, 406, 425, 462, 527, 555, 560, 646, 770, 872, 874, 878, 888, 901, 933, 937, 938, 942, 1282, 1292, 1490, 1561, 1576

Multiple sclerosis (MS) 339, 607, 949, 1280, 1337, 1408

Multiple system atrophy (MSA): Anatomy 585, 745, 767, 771, 776, 1386

Multiple system atrophy (MSA): Clinical features 5, 699, 745, 776, 1131, 1142, 1144, 1158, 1159, 1161, 1179, 1180, 1181, 1182, 1185, 1185, 1185, 1187, 1189, 1198, 1208, 1209, 1214, 1477, 1484, 1525

Multiple system atrophy (MSA): Etiology and Pathogenesis 5, 696, 1144, 1190, 1199, 1413, 1425

Multiple system atrophy (MSA): Genetics 600, 1386, 1392, 1413, 1425, 1428, 1432

Multiple system atrophy (MSA): Pathophysiology 267, 614, 779, 1136, 1201, 1204, 1291, 1413, 1468, 1477, 1484

Multiple system atrophy (MSA): Treatment 947, 1127, 1151, 1176, 1179, 1182, 1214, 1299, 1300

Muscle fuel use disorders 223, 1145

Myalgia 130, 336

Myasthenia gravis 1015

Myoclonus: Anatomy 618

Myoclonus: Clinical features 238, 241, 584, 614, 615, 616, 618, 619, 873, 1034, 1063, 1131, 1337, 1367, 1418

Myoclonus: Etiology and Pathogenesis 614, 615, 618, 619, 1013

Myoclonus: Genetics 620, 1002, 1019, 1367, 1418

Myoclonus: Pathophysiology 271, 612, 619

Myoclonus: Treatment 612, 614, 615, 616, 617, 1063

Myogenic disorders 336, 1566

Myokymia 876

Myotonic disorders 1100

Needle electromyography 336

Nerve root compression 739, 1327

Neuroacanthocytosis: Anatomy 182, 1138

Neuroacanthocytosis: Clinical features 182, 970, 982, 1138

Neuroacanthocytosis: Pathophysiology 1138

Neuroacanthocytosis: Treatment 970

Neurobehavioral disorders 68, 72, 89, 178, 183, 494, 610, 798,805, 815, 824, 825, 829, 830, 848, 868, 869, 1157, 1174, 1378

Neurofibrillary tangles (NFT) 210, 1503

Neurogenesis 343, 373, 459, 600, 1391, 1419, 1464, 1468, 1470, 1492

Neuromelanin 729, 769

Neuromyotonia 876

Neurophysiology 141, 154, 252, 260, 261, 266, 267, 270, 272, 337, 425, 439, 463, 498, 624, 628, 631, 636, 638, 639, 643, 644, 645, 646, 649, 654, 655, 656, 657, 661, 666, 668, 669, 705, 794, 983, 1033, 1096, 1162, 1242, 1245, 1263, 1350, 1434, 1451, 1476, 1555

Neuroprotective agents 7, 128, 137, 139, 155, 156, 183, 190, 343, 346, 366, 368, 380, 386, 393, 404, 421, 455, 628, 738, 829, 852, 1285, 1304, 1419, 1449, 1493, 1497, 1551

Neurostimulation 274, 473, 475, 476, 479, 482, 483, 487, 501, 524, 525, 526, 531, 534, 538, 558, 646, 902, 956, 958, 962, 972, 1016, 1077, 1498, 1561

Nicotine 26, 150

Nigrostriatal dopaminergic synapse deficiency 126, 762, 1448, 1502

NMDA 701, 990, 1288

Non-motor Scales 24, 32, 47, 67, 73, 75, 88, 113, 120, 143, 160, 173, 282, 284, 287, 298, 304, 310, 312, 316, 317, 323, 325, 327, 329, 332, 333, 355, 431, 434, 454, 536, 541, 542, 547, 553, 644, 671, 678, 686, 734, 761, 796, 813, 815, 817, 827, 836, 877, 891, 893, 902, 906, 915, 924, 926, 927, 934, 937, 943, 1133, 1134, 1167, 1218, 1237, 1281, 1313, 1347, 1457, 1528, 1532, 1540, 1541, 1546, 1553, 1567, 1568, 1573, 1582, 1587, 1594

Nucleus raphe magnus (nRM) 860

Obsessive-compulsive behavior/disorder 543, 554, 798, 805, 806, 807, 816, 843, 867, 946, 1034, 1069, 1326, 1331, 1333, 1334, 1339

Occupational Therapy 167, 174, 293, 295, 360, 447, 875, 1460, 1584

Olazapine 1308

Olfactory dysfunction 75, 78, 88, 106, 109, 149, 235, 307, 323, 352, 451, 563, 634, 734, 750, 771, 932, 1334, 1353, 1484, 1526, 1528, 1547, 1548, 1548, 1558, 1579, 1593

Orobuccolingual dyskinesia 982, 1074, 1318

Orofacial dystonia multiple system atrophy with 1074

Orthostatic hypotension (OH) 372, 449, 685, 908, 1159, 1179, 1284, 1343, 1350, 1351, 1352, 1356

Orthostatic tremor (also see Tremors) 973, 1233, 1247

Oscillopsia 617

Oxidative phosphorylation system (OXPHOS) 1469

Oxidative stress 7, 128, 131, 151, 190, 346, 381, 404, 559, 722, 789, 829, 1292, 1293, 1304, 1434, 1456, 1467, 1485, 1490, 1491

Pain 221, 310, 467, 519, 634, 649, 668, 914, 921, 928, 953, 966, 983, 1003, 1016, 1086, 1120, 1139, 1227, 1327, 1532, 1540, 1546, 1560, 1568, 1575, 1590, 1591, 1592

Palatal tremor (see Tremors) 618, 1246, 1270, 1278

Pallidotomy 528

Pallidum 273, 486, 497, 515, 969, 980, 1057, 1138, 1141, 1486, 1511

Pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegenetration (PKAN) 954, 1057, 1155, 1157, 1396

Paraquat 1441

Parkin 12, 415, 501, 503, 555, 556, 567, 748, 885, 929, 1137, 1170, 1171, 1368, 1377, 1379, 1399, 1410, 1501, 1502, 1517, 1524, 1552, 1562, 1562, 1576

Parkinsonism 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 11, 11, 11, 12, 13, 16, 19, 23, 25, 28, 29, 34, 35, 36, 37, 39, 42, 46, 48, 49, 53, 59, 59, 60, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 68, 69, 69, 70, 71, 73, 74, 75, 76, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 84, 93, 94, 96, 97, 101, 102, 103, 107, 111, 112, 112, 113, 118, 119, 121, 122, 124, 125, 126, 129, 131, 133, 136, 138, 139, 141, 143, 148, 149, 151, 155, 156, 157, 161, 162, 163, 164, 165, 166, 169, 188, 205, 207, 208, 209, 219, 226, 229, 230, 232, 249, 251, 256, 259, 266, 268, 276, 278, 283, 288, 289, 290, 291, 292, 294, 298, 299, 302, 303, 304, 310, 311, 312, 315, 316, 317, 318, 319, 321, 322, 323, 324, 326, 328, 329, 330, 332, 333, 334, 338, 347, 350, 351, 352, 353, 359, 360, 361, 364, 365, 369, 372, 373, 374, 376, 378, 380, 381, 386, 387, 388, 389, 391, 395, 396, 399, 400, 401, 403, 405, 406, 409, 413, 417, 418, 419, 420, 422, 423, 424, 425, 426, 427, 428, 429, 431, 432, 433, 434, 435, 437, 438, 440, 442, 446, 447, 448, 449, 452, 454, 456, 457, 458, 459, 461, 462, 463, 466, 467, 468, 469, 471, 473, 476, 477, 478, 479, 480, 481, 486, 487, 488, 491, 496, 498, 499, 500, 502, 503, 504, 507, 510, 512, 513, 514, 515, 516, 516, 517, 518, 520, 522, 527, 533, 534, 535, 537, 539, 540, 540, 542, 545, 546, 547, 548, 550, 551, 553, 555, 556, 557, 558, 578, 625, 626, 627, 629, 630, 632, 633, 636, 637, 638, 640, 641, 642, 643, 647, 648, 650, 651, 652, 654, 655, 656, 657, 658, 659, 660, 661, 662, 663, 666, 667, 668, 669, 671, 672, 673, 675, 679, 681, 683, 685, 686, 687, 688, 689, 690, 691, 692, 693, 694, 697, 698, 699, 700, 703, 704, 705, 706, 707, 709, 710, 715, 716, 717, 718, 719, 720, 721, 722, 723, 724, 725, 727, 728, 729, 733, 734, 735, 737, 741, 743, 744, 746, 747, 748, 749, 750, 752, 754, 756, 758, 761, 762, 763, 764, 765, 766, 767, 768, 773, 774, 776, 778, 779, 780, 781, 782, 784, 785, 786, 787, 790, 791, 792, 793, 794, 796, 797, 798, 799, 800, 801, 802, 803, 804, 805, 806, 807, 810, 811, 812, 813, 815, 818, 819, 820, 821, 822, 824, 827, 828, 829, 830, 831, 834, 835, 837, 838, 840, 841, 845, 848, 850, 851, 853, 856, 857, 858, 860, 861, 870, 871, 874, 875, 877, 878, 879, 880, 882, 883, 886, 889, 890, 891, 894, 899, 900, 900, 903, 904, 904, 905, 908, 909, 913, 914, 915, 917, 918, 924, 927, 928, 931, 934, 939, 941, 942, 943, 945, 947, 991, 1007, 1008, 1037, 1067, 1084, 1085, 1102, 1127, 1128, 1129, 1130, 1132, 1133, 1134, 1135, 1136, 1141, 1142, 1143, 1145, 1148, 1149, 1150, 1153, 1154, 1156, 1159, 1160, 1162, 1163, 1164, 1166, 1167, 1168, 1170, 1171, 1176, 1177, 1180, 1181, 1182, 1184, 1184, 1185, 1186, 1187, 1188, 1189, 1190, 1191, 1192, 1194, 1195, 1196, 1198, 1200, 1202, 1203, 1204, 1205, 1207, 1208, 1209, 1211, 1212, 1213, 1218, 1228, 1245, 1254, 1255, 1268, 1273, 1277, 1281, 1288, 1290, 1309, 1313, 1314, 1315, 1319, 1342, 1343, 1344, 1346, 1347, 1349, 1351, 1354, 1355, 1358, 1360, 1366, 1366, 1370, 1371, 1372, 1373, 1377, 1378, 1379, 1380, 1381, 1382, 1383, 1386, 1387, 1389, 1391, 1393, 1397, 1398, 1399, 1400, 1402, 1406, 1410, 1413, 1415, 1417, 1420, 1420, 1420, 1420, 1421, 1422, 1424, 1425, 1426, 1427, 1428, 1429, 1430, 1431, 1434, 1435, 1436, 1439, 1440, 1441, 1442, 1446, 1447, 1449, 1453, 1456, 1465, 1466, 1469, 1471, 1472, 1474, 1475, 1477, 1478, 1479, 1480, 1488, 1489, 1492, 1495, 1498, 1502, 1510, 1514, 1515, 1518, 1519, 1521, 1525, 1526, 1528, 1529, 1530, 1531, 1532, 1534, 1535, 1536, 1537, 1540, 1542, 1544, 1545, 1546, 1548, 1549, 1556, 1558, 1559, 1560, 1561, 1562, 1563, 1565, 1568, 1569, 1570, 1571, 1573, 1574, 1575, 1577, 1578, 1579, 1580, 1582, 1583, 1587, 1590, 1593, 1594, 1596, 1597, 1598

Parkinsonism dementia complex (PDC) 36, 49, 54, 62, 97, 208, 315, 360, 376, 550, 681, 785, 1146, 1169, 1364, 1408

Paroxysmal dyskinesia 215, 1036, 1056, 1060, 1320, 1363, 1401, 1404, 1409

Paroxysmal dystonic choreoathetosis (PDC) 130, 1409

Paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia (PKD) 1011, 1056, 1060, 1308, 1363, 1404, 1407, 1433, 1433, 1433, 1433

Paroxysmal nonkinesigenic dyskinesia (PNKD) 1126, 1409

Pediatric neurotransmitter diseases 213, 227, 1332

Penicillamine 230, 231, 233, 235, 248

Periodic limb movements in sleep (PLMS) 552, 672

Peripheral nerve injury 612, 983

Peripheral neuropathy 141, 240, 511, 659, 1515

Pharmacotherapy 20, 50, 124, 127, 132, 134, 141, 144, 153, 157, 159, 161, 162, 165, 186, 233, 279, 279, 318, 349, 353, 355, 363, 364, 366, 374, 385, 410, 411, 427, 436, 456, 484, 538, 674, 816, 817, 920, 1022, 1038, 1060, 1216, 1282, 1298, 1299, 1385, 1461, 1471, 1570

Phenytoin 1318

Phosphorylase 1496

Pisa syndrome 405, 427, 1100

Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) 675, 891

Plaques 204, 607

Polyneuropathy 127, 154, 246, 372, 591

Pontine nuclei 490

Positron emission tomography (PET) 104, 109, 401, 470, 696, 701, 704, 708, 713, 718, 727, 745, 746, 748, 754, 760, 775, 777, 783, 790, 791, 819, 1061, 1148, 1158, 1326

Postinfectious disorders 583, 996

Posttraumatic tremors 967

Postural tremors (see Tremors) 1235, 1237, 1238, 1258, 1371

Posture 57, 115, 147, 168, 246, 280, 288, 289, 290, 305, 306, 324, 348, 359, 369, 382, 394, 396, 398, 405, 416, 420, 423, 427, 443, 589, 664, 818, 859, 887, 903, 936, 940, 1033, 1055, 1100, 1183, 1214, 1272, 1294, 1348, 1510, 1552, 1557, 1572, 1578

Pramipexole 18, 148, 223, 292, 370, 430, 679, 1215, 1224, 1320, 1597

Prednisone 587

Prefrontal cortex (PFC) 50, 52, 58, 68, 77, 90, 598, 609, 742, 751, 759, 783, 784, 849

Premotor potentials 10, 47, 796

Presynaptic dopaminergic system 826, 1174, 1474

Primary torsion dystonia (PTD) 980, 1006, 1025, 1026

Primary writing tremor 1030

Prion diseases. See Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies 1473, 1482, 1512

Prion protein gene (PRNP) 1207

Progressive encephalomyelitis with rigidity and myoclonus (PERM) 622, 623

Progressive lenticular degeneration 717

Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) 191, 490, 672, 691, 694, 727, 756, 763, 764, 766, 767, 771, 779, 790, 1127, 1128, 1135, 1139, 1150, 1152, 1153, 1154, 1156, 1163, 1165, 1166, 1169, 1173, 1175, 1181, 1183, 1184, 1184, 1186, 1191, 1192, 1194, 1197, 1206, 1208, 1212, 1214, 1370, 1392, 1437, 1503, 1504

Propranolol 222

Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) 725, 730, 789

Psychogenic movement disorders (PMD): Clinical features 6, 17, 277, 285, 873, 986, 1000, 1001, 1109, 1129, 1232, 1335, 1401

Psychogenic movement disorders (PMD): Etiology and Pathogenesis 6, 17, 277, 1000, 1001

Psychogenic movement disorders (PMD): Pathophysiology 6, 17, 257, 271, 277, 751

Psychogenic movement disorders (PMD): Treatment 252, 257, 285, 1335

Psychogenic tremor 6, 17, 873, 1129, 1274, 1278

Psychosis 74, 126, 244, 322, 481, 493, 793, 795, 802, 834, 837, 841, 847, 850, 857, 905, 1133, 1290, 1336, 1368, 1369, 1375, 1538, 1538, 1550

PTEN induced kinase-1 (PINK1) 1410, 1415, 1427, 1430, 1501, 1508, 1524

Purkinje cells 1081, 1256, 1487

Quetiapine 74, 85, 834, 850

Radiculopathy 1327, 1560

Ragged red fibers (RRF) 1140, 1203

Rapid eye movement (REM) 287, 352, 674, 681, 683, 685, 687, 716, 773, 1547, 1583

Rasagiline 18, 166, 345, 368, 374, 380, 450, 911, 1182, 1285, 1526

Reaction time 41, 45, 280, 888

Red nuclei 703

Regional cerebral blood flow 86

Rehabilitation 38, 67, 101, 108, 115, 119, 121, 174, 262, 288, 289, 290, 294, 300, 301, 305, 306, 320, 324, 332, 342, 350, 354, 356, 357, 358, 360, 368, 369, 376, 384, 393, 398, 400, 406, 414, 415, 419, 420, 422, 423, 426, 433, 439, 440, 443, 447, 496, 540, 545, 547, 548, 553, 556, 557, 570, 809, 812, 814, 818, 838, 844, 851, 859, 864, 885, 888, 892, 893, 895, 896, 903, 909, 913, 916, 922, 1083, 1446, 1543, 1551, 1576

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) 257, 431, 435, 649, 658, 664, 1035, 1219, 1507

Resting brain metabolism 645, 693, 1014

Resting tremors 3, 23, 702, 718, 930, 1004, 1235, 1238, 1268, 1277, 1355, 1439, 1584

Restless legs syndrome (RLS): Clinical features 27, 27, 27, 27, 227, 688, 1210, 1217, 1222, 1223, 1224, 1226

Restless legs syndrome (RLS): Etiology and Pathogenesis 243, 552, 1221, 1224, 1226, 1227

Restless legs syndrome (RLS): Genetics 1222, 1227

Restless legs syndrome (RLS): Pathophysiology 1217, 1219, 1225, 1227, 1228

Restless legs syndrome (RLS): Treatment 1215, 1216, 1217, 1219, 1220, 1224, 1225, 1228

Rett syndrome 216, 1378

Rhinitis 451

Rhythmic movement disorder 983, 1554

Rigidity 3, 9, 23, 166, 397, 485, 529, 544, 623, 642, 910, 930, 1129, 1141, 1286, 1297, 1348, 1527, 1529, 1530, 1557, 1564, 1580, 1584

Rivastigmine 976

Ropinirole 125, 370, 430, 457, 850, 1320

Rotenone 1442, 1521

Sandifer syndrome 1123

Scales 1, 24, 37, 43, 79, 245, 247, 282, 284, 286, 287, 288, 289, 290, 291, 292, 293, 294, 295, 303, 304, 309, 311, 313, 314, 314, 316, 317, 320, 321, 322, 323, 327, 328, 329, 330, 332, 334, 383, 390, 390, 434, 472, 519, 542, 545, 576, 632, 650, 671, 676, 676, 676, 677, 684, 700, 721, 805, 860, 872, 877, 887, 893, 904, 912, 916, 917, 921, 926, 928, 929, 931, 1020, 1038, 1189, 1221, 1240, 1241, 1296, 1305, 1330, 1374, 1457, 1528, 1534, 1567, 1583, 1594

Selegiline 18, 138, 1183

Sensorimotor cortex 275, 557, 613, 705, 707, 714, 726, 788, 835, 1027, 1061, 1083

Shy-Drager syndrome (see Multiple System Atrophy) 1189

Sialorrhea 351

Simple reaction time (SRT) 45

Single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) 95, 401, 563, 594, 695, 711, 715, 734, 740, 750, 768, 770, 785, 800, 826, 985, 1130, 1132, 1273, 1307, 1314, 1340, 1373

Sleep disorders. See also Restless legs syndrome: Anatomy 672, 676

Sleep disorders. See also Restless legs syndrome: Clinical features 51, 227, 352, 552, 554, 593, 673, 675, 677, 679, 686, 689, 716, 825, 891, 908, 921, 1222, 1223, 1583

Sleep disorders. See also Restless legs syndrome: Etiology and Pathogenesis 227, 594, 682, 683, 1218, 1222, 1531

Sleep disorders. See also Restless legs syndrome: Pathophysiology 30, 552, 670, 673, 674, 687, 792

Sleep disorders. See also Restless legs syndrome: Treatment 143, 608, 670, 689, 1176, 1215, 1216

Somatosensory-evoked potentials (SEP) 264, 613, 620, 634, 1027

Spasticity: Anatomy 340, 1024

Spasticity: Clinical features 338, 340, 342, 383, 1017, 1275, 1438

Spasticity: Etiology and Pathogenesis 1017

Spasticity: Genetics 338, 1275, 1375, 1423, 1438

Spasticity: Pathophysiology 337

Spasticity: Treatment 218, 335, 336, 340, 341, 342, 549, 882, 883, 1024, 1051, 1099

Spinal reflexes 337, 615, 619, 1100, 1217, 1510

Spinocerebellar ataxia 267, 559, 563, 566, 567, 568, 569, 572, 576, 582, 588, 590, 591, 593, 594, 597, 603, 609, 712, 1359, 1388, 1406

Spinocerebellar ataxias (SCA) 565, 567, 569, 571, 574, 582, 585, 590, 593, 598, 599, 601, 605, 608, 712, 740, 1388, 1406, 1423

Startle syndromes 255, 622

Stem cells. See also Human embryonic stem cells 459, 461, 1019, 1492

Stereotactic neurosurgery 190, 200, 393, 413, 424, 461, 462, 472, 474, 475, 478, 479, 484, 489, 497, 500, 504, 506, 513, 521, 522, 525, 527, 528, 532, 1010, 1095, 1238, 1450

Stereotypy 216, 1330, 1336

Stiffness 383, 1286, 1297, 1560

Stiff-person syndrome 622, 695, 1286

Striatonigral degeneration 8, 770, 778, 1080

Striatum 50, 90, 123, 137, 145, 189, 200, 229, 276, 379, 461, 533, 643, 692, 730, 733, 737, 741, 746, 752, 761, 804, 863, 946, 985, 1029, 1079, 1097, 1199, 1452, 1465, 1477, 1481, 1494, 1516

Subcortical motor structures 474, 724, 822, 1397

Substantia nigra 24, 25, 139, 207, 347, 453, 489, 526, 631, 699, 700, 700, 703, 719, 720, 725, 735, 764, 769, 774, 778, 830, 1154, 1155, 1199, 1226, 1281, 1377, 1452, 1495, 1499, 1500, 1517, 1535, 1593

Substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc) 153, 458, 460, 545, 724, 725, 737, 833, 870, 1448, 1465, 1470, 1480, 1483, 1523

Substantia nigra pars reticulata (SNpr) 651, 1511

Subthalamic nucleus (SIN) 34, 77, 136, 409, 413, 424, 464, 465, 466, 467, 469, 472, 477, 478, 479, 480, 481, 483, 484, 485, 494, 495, 497, 499, 503, 506, 508, 509, 510, 514, 515, 517, 519, 520, 530, 531, 535, 536, 538, 541, 558, 624, 627, 629, 630, 636, 639, 642, 654, 655, 663, 665, 667, 735, 736, 868, 935, 956, 962, 964, 974, 1255, 1310, 1344, 1476, 1539

Subthalamotomy 464

Superior colliculus (SC) 648

Superoxide 7

Superoxide dismutase 559

Surrogate endpoints 401, 794

Symptomatic palatal tremor (SPT) 1278

Synucleinopathies 111, 203, 207, 451, 460, 773, 852, 1161, 1313, 1360, 1372, 1393, 1400, 1405, 1463, 1467, 1473, 1478, 1480, 1482, 1484, 1493, 1494, 1505, 1509, 1512, 1522, 1525, 1579

Syringomyelia 967

Tardive dyskinesia (TD) 971, 1306, 1310, 1311, 1322, 1339, 1390

Tardive dystonia 1048, 1067, 1311, 1319

Tardive tourettism 1338

Task-specific tremor 222, 895, 1055, 1089

Tauopathies 105, 111, 881, 1146, 1150, 1165, 1169, 1172, 1175, 1197, 1206, 1370, 1374, 1395, 1437, 1442, 1503, 1504, 1505

Teratoma 1336

Tetrabenazine 175, 176, 195, 196, 197, 993, 1311, 1328, 1390

Thalamic tremor 1242, 1262

Thalamotomy 528, 963, 1259, 1346

Thalamus 239, 741, 758, 949, 959, 996, 1079, 1263, 1265, 1280, 1285, 1292, 1317, 1450, 1533

Tics (also see Gilles de la Tourette syndrome): Anatomy 731, 981

Tics (also see Gilles de la Tourette syndrome): Clinical features 214, 221, 873, 957, 1006, 1325, 1326, 1329, 1334, 1335, 1339

Tics (also see Gilles de la Tourette syndrome): Etiology and Pathogenesis 1321, 1325, 1328, 1329, 1331, 1338

Tics (also see Gilles de la Tourette syndrome): Genetics 1332

Tics (also see Gilles de la Tourette syndrome): Pathophysiology 261, 731, 960, 972, 981, 1325, 1326, 1329, 1333, 1338, 1340, 1341

Tics (also see Gilles de la Tourette syndrome): Treatment 214, 221, 946, 951, 957, 972, 1325, 1335, 1340, 1390, 1486

Timed Up and Go test 280, 305, 306, 326, 426, 589, 887, 896, 916, 1534

Titubation 575

Tongue 254, 854, 1050, 1246, 1322

Torsion dystonia 963, 1003, 1007, 1012, 1019, 1023, 1045, 1046, 1072, 1086, 1107, 1112, 1444

Torticollis 958, 999, 1003, 1005, 1009, 1018, 1049, 1068, 1071, 1078, 1081, 1086, 1106, 1107, 1108, 1113, 1114, 1557

Total Functional Capacity scale (TFC) 181, 198

Toxic envenomation 28, 1177, 1205

Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) 198, 224, 258, 259, 275, 435, 637, 641, 652, 658, 664, 1031, 1041, 1047, 1076, 1092, 1096, 1118, 1201, 1212

Tremors: Anatomy 757, 965, 1012, 1247, 1261, 1263, 1264

Tremors: Clinical features 4, 13, 41, 172, 222, 238, 286, 299, 311, 375, 441, 596, 870, 880, 935, 1030, 1089, 1090, 1160, 1229, 1230, 1231, 1232, 1233, 1235, 1236, 1237, 1240, 1241, 1245,1246, 1248, 1251, 1253, 1257, 1258, 1259, 1264, 1269, 1272, 1273, 1274, 1275, 1276, 1279, 1281, 1316, 1527, 1580, 1584

Tremors: Etiology and Pathogenesis 234, 285, 974, 1230, 1239, 1239, 1243, 1247, 1248, 1249, 1257, 1264, 1270, 1271, 1279, 1395

Tremors: Genetics 1230, 1249, 1253, 1267, 1323, 1360, 1371, 1395, 1403, 1435, 1440

Tremors: Pathophysiology 715, 746, 757, 849, 977, 1234, 1239, 1243, 1248, 1250, 1255, 1256, 1261, 1267, 1277, 1297

Tremors: Treatment 286, 353, 375, 488, 491, 502, 508, 521, 524, 529, 537, 544, 562, 606, 617, 702, 879, 897, 898, 930, 933, 941, 949, 950, 959, 973, 1230, 1234, 1236, 1239, 1242, 1244, 1244, 1252, 1253, 1257, 1259, 1260, 1262, 1264, 1265, 1271, 1276, 1280

Trihexyphenidyl 842

Trophic factors 64, 455, 1417

Ubiquitin proteasome system (UPS) 1422, 1512, 1525

Urinary dysfunction pharmacological management of 908

Urogenital dysfunction 312, 325, 448, 449, 684, 943, 1001, 1251, 1342, 1347, 1357, 1541, 1567

Ventral tegmental area (VTA)  846

Ventralis anterior (VA) 758

Ventralis intermedius nucleus (VIM) 508, 950, 967, 978

Vesicle monamine transporter (VMAT2) 188, 195, 196, 197, 748, 790

Visuospatial deficits 32, 33, 76, 645, 1205, 1547, 1563, 1588

Vitamin E 346, 380, 568, 574

Voice tremor 979, 1241, 1254, 1559, 1586

Volition 184, 260, 309

Wearing-off fluctuations 127, 131, 140, 144, 164, 280, 299, 321, 349, 353, 362, 388, 389, 403, 408, 457, 513, 523, 625, 632, 870, 894, 930, 945, 947, 1316, 1323, 1369, 1550, 1564, 1582

Whispering dystonia 1121

Xeomin 341, 1039, 1053, 1059, 1101, 1105, 1115, 1283

Ancillary