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Keywords:

  • REM sleep behavior disorder;
  • screening questionnaire;
  • Parkinson's;
  • polysomnography;
  • neurodegeneration

Abstract

A diagnosis of definite REM sleep behavior disorder requires both a positive history for REM sleep behavior disorder and polysomnographic demonstration of REM sleep without atonia. To improve and facilitate screening for REM sleep behavior disorder, there is a need for simple clinical tools with sufficient sensitivity and specificity for the identification of subjects with probable REM sleep behavior disorder. We developed a short REM sleep behavior disorder screening questionnaire with 7 REM sleep behavior disorder– and 2 non-REM sleep behavior disorder–specific control items and performed a validation study in 70 REM sleep behavior disorder subjects and 140 sleep disorder controls. Response patterns to all 7 REM sleep behavior disorder–specific items differed between REM sleep behavior disorder and non-REM sleep behavior disorder patients (all P < 0.05), whereas the 2 non-REM sleep behavior disorder–specific control items did not differentiate between REM sleep behavior disorder and non-REM sleep behavior disorder (all P > .05). In 5 of the 7 REM sleep behavior disorder–specific items, AUC was greater than 0.700. These 5 items were included in the Innsbruck REM sleep behavior disorder inventory. In this questionnaire, a cutoff of 0.25 (number of positive symptoms divided by number of answered questions) had a sensitivity of 0.914 and a specificity of 0.857 for both idiopathic and Parkinson's-related REM sleep behavior disorder (AUC, 0.886). The Innsbruck REM sleep behavior disorder inventory is a promising, easy-to-use, short screening tool for REM sleep behavior disorder with excellent sensitivity and specificity for both idiopathic and Parkinson's-related REM sleep behavior disorder. © 2012 Movement Disorder Society