Weak detrusor contractility correlates with motor disorders in Parkinson's disease

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Abstract

Limited attention has been paid to the relationship between urinary symptoms or urodynamic findings and motor disorders in Parkinson's disease (PD). We aimed to correlate pressure-flow urodynamic parameters with video-gait analysis parameters in PD. We recruited 41 patients with PD (25 men and 16 women; age, 70.6 ± 8.5 years; H & Y motor grading: 2 [range, 1–3]; disease duration: 4 years [range, 1–7]; taking levodopa 300 mg/day [range, 100–400]). All patients underwent pressure-flow urodynamics (parameters: first sensation, bladder capacity, detrusor overactivity [noted in 24 patients], and Watts factor [WF]) and video-gait analysis (parameters: time and number of strides for 5-m gait [simple task] and time for timed up and go [complex task]). Statistical analysis was made by Mann-Whitney's U-test for analyzing the relation between detrusor overactivity and gait as well as Spearman's rank-correlation coefficient test for analyzing the relation between the remaining parameters and gait. We found no relation between filling-phase urodynamics (detrusor overactivity, first sensation, and bladder capacity) and video-gait analysis parameters. By contrast, we found a significant relation between voiding-phase urodynamics (WF, reflecting detrusor power) and all three video-gait analysis parameters (reflecting lower-half bradykinesia and loss of postural reflex) in our PD patients (P < 0.01). The close relation between the WF and motor disorders in the present study suggests that, though clinically mild, a weak detrusor in PD might have a central origin. We should follow postvoid residual volume carefully in PD patients with advanced gait disorder, because postvoid residual volume might increase in such patients. © 2012 Movement Disorder Society

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