SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

Keywords:

  • parkinson disease;
  • genetic;
  • alpha-synuclein

ABSTRACT

Background

Alpha-synuclein plays a central role in the pathophysiology of Parkinson's disease. Three missense mutations in SNCA, the gene encoding alpha-synuclein, as well as genomic multiplications have been identified as causes for autosomal-dominantly inherited Parkinsonism.

Methods

Here, we describe a novel missense mutation in exon 4 of SNCA encoding a H50Q substitution in a patient with dopa-responsive Parkinson's disease with a family history of parkinsonism and dementia.

Results

The variant was not observed in public databases or identified in unrelated subjects.

Conclusions

The substitution's evolutionary conservation and protein modeling provide additional support for pathogenicity as the amino acid perturbs the same amphipathic alpha helical structure as the previously described pathogenic mutations. © 2013 Movement Disorder Society