Many roads to Parkinson's disease neurodegeneration: Head trauma—A road more traveled than we know?

Authors

  • David J. Irwin MD,

    1. Center for Neurodegenerative Disease Research, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    2. Morris K. Udall Parkinson's Disease Center of Excellence, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    3. Institute on Aging, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    4. Department of Neurology, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
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  • John Q. Trojanowski MD, PhD

    Corresponding author
    1. Morris K. Udall Parkinson's Disease Center of Excellence, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    2. Institute on Aging, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
    • Center for Neurodegenerative Disease Research, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
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  • DJI has nothing to report. JQT is the William Maul Measey-Truman G. Schnabel, Jr. MD Professor of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology. JQT reports single consulting services to Pfizer, J&J, MetLife, and BMS; Royalty payments through Penn licenses; and research support from AstraZeneca and BMS.

  • Relevant conflicts of interest/financial disclosures: Nothing to report.

  • Full financial disclosures and author roles may be found in the online version of this article.

  • Author roles: DJI participated in 1) Research project: A. Conception, B. Organization, C. Execution; 2) Statistical Analysis: NA 3) Manuscript: A. Writing of the first draft, B. Review and Critique. JQT participated in 1) Research project: A. Conception, B. Organization, C. Execution; 2) Statistical Analysis: NA 3) Manuscript: A. Writing of the first draft B. Review and Critique.

Correspondence to: Dr. John Q. Trojanowski, Center for Neurodegenerative Disease Research & Institue on Aging, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, HUP, Maloney 3rd Floor, 36th and Spruce Streets, Philadelphia, PA 19104-4283, USA; trojanow@mail.med.upenn.edu

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